Useful Tips

How to start drawing from scratch - a quick guide of 6 exercises

Wall paintings can revive and decorate any empty wall in your home, but not everyone can afford to turn to a professional artist. However, there is a much less expensive way to paint a wall - do it yourself. Rent a projector, choose a work by a famous artist, a funny drawing or (why not?) One of your child’s masterpieces and project onto the wall. Then you need pencils, brushes and paints.

Sleight of hand - two trainings

The first two tricks relate to the control of your hand. You should fill your hand, and also learn to coordinate the vigilance of the eye and the movement of the hand. Mechanical practices are great for beginners. Later you can use them to try out new tools. They also allow you to relax and take a break from mental or physical work. So, how to start drawing.

1. Many, many circles

Fill a piece of paper with circles of different sizes. Try not to cross circles.

Learning to draw circles is not as easy as you might think. Notice that the more circles on paper, the more difficult it is to add the following. Draw them in two directions and as many as possible.

Tip. Shake your hand when it begins to cramp, do so after each approach.

2. Hatching - create a structure

Fill a piece of paper with parallel lines.

The diagonal lines for us are the simplest, since they correspond to the movement of our wrists. Note that left-handed people prefer the opposite direction of strokes than right-handed people. Take a look at the drawings of your favorite artist (in my case, this is Leonardo da Vinci) and try to guess which hand he wrote?

Try different strokes. Enjoy the hatching process. Combine different strokes and enjoy how the paper is covered with various shadow spots.

Tip. Do not rotate the paper. It is very important to train your hand in different directions.

So, after we have trained the hand, we need to do eye exercises!

Perception - Learning to See

Drawing is primarily related to vision and to understanding what you see. People often assume that everyone sees the same thing, but in reality this is not so. You can always improve and develop the quality of vision. The more you draw, the more you see. The following four tricks will make you expand your view of familiar objects. This is exactly what they begin to learn to draw at different courses.

3. Outline - show me your hands!

Do you see these different fascinating contours of your hand? Draw them on a piece of paper. Do not try to recreate everything, select only a few of the most interesting.

It doesn’t matter whether you draw a person, a plant or your favorite animal - you create the outline of what you see. The contours define the body or object and make it possible to recognize the pattern. The task is not to immediately display all the distinguishing features, but to learn to see them!

Even if you know the shape of the object, it is still worth taking a closer look and exploring it again.

4. Chiaroscuro - impose light and shadow

Draw a piece of fabric. Start with the contours, and then use the hatching skills - find the transitions of chiaroscuro.

This exercise will help you learn how to convey light and shadow on paper. I must admit that this is not the easiest way for beginners. Keep in mind that it is not necessary to make perfect chiaroscuro transitions. Cloth is a playing field to practice the skills gained in previous lessons. Plus, you will also understand how to learn how to draw chiaroscuro using only your hand.

Tip. You can make a curved hatch to create a shape and cross to achieve deeper shadows that resemble the fabric structure.

Tip. Close your eyes a little when you look at the fabric. You will see a blurred image of the fabric and enhanced contrast between the chiaroscuro.

5. Perspective - cubes in three-dimensional space

Let's draw the cubes! Follow the simple steps.

A perspective drawing is a projection of a 3D object into 2D space (your sheet of paper).

Building a perspective is a separate science that cannot be fully considered in one article. However, we can have a little fun with a simple technique that gives us an intuitive sense of the magic of creating a drawing in perspective.

Step 1. Draw a horizontal line. It will be the horizon.

Step 2. Put two points along the edges of the line - two invisible vanishing points.

Step 3. Draw a vertical line anywhere.

Step 4. Connect the ends of the vertical line to the vanishing points.

Step 5. Add two more vertical lines as shown below.

Step 6. Connect them to vanishing points.

Step 7. Now use a black pencil or pen to circle the cube.

Repeat steps 3 through 7 as much as you like. Enjoy the build! Have fun drawing, then you will succeed. You can shade the sides of the cube.

Tip. When you draw cross lines, it is better to lightly lay one line on another, so the shape is better visible.

Mastering perspective drawings will help you create the illusion of depth. And most importantly, you teach your brain to see and recognize three-dimensional space. This is a great practice on how to start drawing from scratch without any skills.

Even if you decide to neglect the rules of perspective and make “flat drawings”, this knowledge will never be superfluous, but rather will help expand your horizons and sharpen your visual receptor.

6. Composition - why here?

Make 5 different drawings of one object. Arrange the item differently each time.

Composition is a great tool to express the “message” you want to convey in your work.

In order to understand where to start learning to draw a composition, we must keep in mind that our perception is formed by daily experiences and emotions. For example, horizontal lines and vertical lines seem to us more “stable” than diagonal lines that can “fall” at any second. And when we see a large dark shape at the bottom of the subject, we assume that it is heavy (like Bold fonts look more massive).

As you create various options for arranging your subject on paper, try to trace how this changes its connotation — meaning.

The author of Ralph Ammer has several interesting articles, but this is what you need to look first to understand where to start drawing with a pencil and not only. In the comments, I want to see your opinion about the pros and cons of the presented methodology. What exercises really gave you pleasure, which not? What else do you want to know on the topic or, perhaps, you have your own ideas on how to learn how to draw from scratch - write all this below.

Where do we start painting the walls?

First we need:

1. Determine where the painting will be most appropriate. It should either emphasize or highlight space. In this case, the wall picture will attract to itself. Using the mural, you can disguise some unfortunate place. Then the painting should be light, unobtrusive, as if "floating" out of the wall.

2. Choose the source image for painting the wall. To do this, our services are the Internet space.

3. Prepare the background for the mural.

4. Pick up paints for painting.

DIY step-by-step wall painting

1. Wall selection

So, the place for the mural is selected. Let's say this is a living room where you like to spend evenings and holidays. We select the image, this is the most important thing! What should the room become, what should it radiate? Comfort, tranquility, or vice versa energy and dynamics? We solve and select a picture for wall painting. Postcards, book illustrations, the Internet - all at our service. But do not forget that we have not yet flung ourselves at complex plots and multifaceted landscapes. It will be later, when we “fill” our hand. At the initial stages of creating wall paintings on your own, it is better to limit yourself to a simple plot - a sakura branch, a tree, another plant fragment, or an abstraction. Abstract wall paintings are also good for the fact that with an error - well, the line went the wrong way - the picture will not deteriorate. Everything will look "as it should."

2. Paints and brushes

We go to the art store and pick up the colors. Sales consultants there are experienced and will always tell you how many colors you need to take, what colors, what you can mix with. Paints for wall painting no alternative buy acrylic matte. Acrylic paints are convenient in work, are easily mixed among themselves and with a background paint and are not erased after drying. For example, I use Daler Rowney English acrylics for wall painting. They are sold in tubes of 120 milliliters. The cost of the tube is about 30 UAH.

For wall paintings, for example, plant direction, we take yellow, green, brown colors. Mixing these colors together, you will get all the natural shades. White paint is required. It reduces color saturation. In addition, the acrylic paints mentioned above can create the effect of both watercolors (transparency) and gouache (saturation). If you choose gouache for wall painting, you will have to cover the dried painting with several layers of acrylic varnish. Otherwise, the whole picture will remain on the back of the first guest, who will lean against her tightly.

Mandatory also buy brushes for painting walls. Brushes are better to buy artificial ones. Brushes "Konda" - the best, cheaper and slightly worse - "Ear". In addition, purchase foam brushes with a wooden handle if you are going to paint flowers. Such brushes cost a penny, and the work is very easy. One touch - and the petal is ready.

We take large numbers of brushes for painting walls, wide, so as not to induce many times the same wide line. A small brush is also needed for fine-tuning fine lines and for sketching. We do not save on brushes - a cheap school brush paints like a broom. A professional mural brush gives a neat, clear line!

3. We prepare paint for painting

Acrylic for wall painting is diluted and washed off with water, so solvents are not needed. In the nearest supermarket we grab a set of disposable plates and cups - these will be our palettes.

4. Be sure to sketch

So, a sample picture is printed before starting work. Paints and paper laid out on the table. We are filled with inspiration and make a sketch. Even professionals never miss this step. We try our picture on paper. It will be great if we paint it the same color as the wall. On a white background, colors look different than on a color.

We make a sketch - a life-size fragment and a small copy. The hand gets used to the lines, we determine how we will mix paints to achieve the desired shade. We draw until we can say: “Yes! It's great. IM proud of myself!"

5. Is the wall ready?

We prepare the surface of the wall for painting. We may need the remnants of the paint that painted the wall - this is the background. You can paint the wall in a new way. It is most pleasant to paint if the wall is as plain as paper. Professional artists require a perfectly plastered surface. But if it’s not, it’s not scary. Sometimes the painting is started to hide some flaws.

6. Sketch

The next step in wall painting is a sketch on the wall. It is necessary that the picture was clear and beautiful. The big secret: artists use not a simple pencil for sketching, but a color: brown, green or another color that will be in the picture. A simple pencil will not be washed off and will not be erased, it will still leave dirty stains.

First, we outline the boundaries of the picture: top, bottom, left, right - and enter our plot there. First, large main lines, let's say a tree trunk. Then there are branches, leaves, petals. The more detailed our sketch is, the easier it will be to work with paints. We often try to move away from the wall and evaluate the work from the maximum distance, because the distortions are not visible near. If you are not sure that you can properly build the proportions on the wall, use the old method of drawing by cells. Also, when painting walls, you can project an image from a slide onto a wall. Erase failed lines with an eraser, always soft and large: “Koch-i-nor” or “Milan” are ideal for this.

7. Coloring

When the sketch of the picture on the wall is ready, proceed to painting it with our own hands. In a plastic bowl, knead the main shade. We part paint with water, but a little. By consistency, the paint for painting the walls should be like non-greasy sour cream, then its coating properties will be excellent. Too liquid paint will flow, while thick paint will not lie evenly. We do not leave the brushes in the air - acrylic dries quickly and can not be washed off with a dry one.

First, paint with a wide brush. Add a second shade - lighter, continue. Finish with darker shades. Hand movements are smooth, like in a dance. Do not forget to step back and strictly control yourself. After completing the main part of the picture on the wall, writes iBud.ua, the eyes must rest. Do something nice. In this case, it is necessary to maintain a positive and bright mood! After all, painting produces our energy in the world (see the article Mirrors in the interior of a house)! I forgot to remind about music. In an article on mirrors, I noted the presence of music as a mandatory partner for the artist. Music will improve the quality of work dozens of times. Be sure to turn it on.

We rested, then we continue. We work out the details. Turn on the brush-dies, a thin brush, diversify the shades. Our work comes to life before our eyes. Pay attention to the borders. Should they sharply protrude, break out of the background? If not, mute them. To do this, we dip the foam rubber brush-stamp into the background paint, and with a light touch, erase the sharp border.

Do not forget to move away, evaluate work at a distance. We fine-tune fine lines with a small brush. You can stick pebbles, shells, glass fragments on a painted wall. You can use the paint-contour, can be varnished. It is better to take a varnish front, opaque.

8. If you are not an artist!

For those who are not very strong in painting, but really want to join the art, there are alternative options for wall painting. They are given to us by the "magic" Orakal advertising film and a stencil comes to our aid. In any advertising company, we will cut out the necessary figures from this film. We stick the stencil on the wall, and fill the space inside the stencil with a foam sponge or brush. Then carefully remove the film and marvel at the clear lines and accuracy of work. Such a stencil for painting walls can be used several times while the adhesive layer will work. Thus, you can quickly, cheaply and angrily decorate your interior.

9. Option for the lazy

There is another very lazy way of painting walls - wall stickers. Widely advertised wall stickers so fashionable in Europe this is the same Orakal. Why buy replicated parts and become like a crowd? Choose any vector image (if you don’t know what a vector is “eaten with”, a designer in the same advertising company will help, it's inexpensive), cut it there. The film has more than a hundred beautiful shades. Stick on the wall, first, of course, trying on. And enjoy the new sound of your beautiful home. And we will continue to acquaint you with various technologies that will allow you to join the high world of design.

Elena Immortal, especially for iBud.ua

Categories: Design and decoration / Design of the apartment_photo
Art of drawing

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