A few years ago, a successful business lady, Irina Petrova, could not have imagined that her desire to provide her family with quality meat products would grow into a profession and begin to generate income. But in just five years, Irina managed not only to establish quail production, but also to gain regular customers and increase the range of goods offered. Now Irina not only sells meat, but also grows about 35 thousand chicks - quails, turkeys and ducks for sale every season.
Part one. Start.
Irina is happy to tell the story of her family - her great-great-grandfather was a noble farmer. He lived in Samara, owned a large household, but with the beginning of the “dispossession program” he had to leave everything in Samara and move to Lipetsk, where he started from scratch.
Irina had practically the same situation - after the birth of her second child, she had a question with milk: the mother didn’t have enough milk for the mother, Irina didn’t want to feed the baby with chemically correct formulations, which means that she had the option to buy goat’s milk from her “familiar grandmother”.
Everything was wonderful until Irina came to her grandmother a little earlier than usual time and did not see in what conditions a “clean” goat is kept. After that, Irina stopped buying milk from strangers, and suggested that the family get her own goat.
Either Irina’s special talent was manifested, or agricultural roots leapt, but after the goat Irina had chickens, chickens, broilers. At first, there was barely enough food for his family, but the poultry and livestock yard was growing, there was more and more food, Irina at first treated friends and acquaintances, then acquaintances of acquaintances began to come to her, in the end absolutely unfamiliar people who learned about quality and tasty began to turn to her. product.
At this very moment, Irina Petrova ventured to turn to her historical roots and created her own farm.
Part two. Construction.
The final decision to engage in agriculture was formed in the head and soul of Irina in 2007. Having studied a large amount of literature, re-read hundreds of topics on forums, familiarized with the experience of other people, Ira chose a quail farm as the basis of her business plan. Quails were chosen for a reason - these birds take up little space, are not particularly demanding on living and eating conditions and grow stably well.
Irina did not begin to start a business with a small object. It is worth noting that Ira lives with her family outside the city, so she immediately began construction of a completely new building with an area of 150 square meters.
Everything in the new building was equipped with the latest technology - tiled, easy to clean and washable surfaces, clean running water, a special filter system for birds, properly calculated powerful ventilation. Construction was entrusted to real experts in the field of poultry construction. Cages and brooders (rooms for newly hatched chicks) were made by a familiar cell manufacturing specialist. Then incubators were purchased and installed.
The entire period of construction and equipment of the premises lasted about a year. About 1 million rubles were spent on this, which Irina received from the sale of real estate.
In 2009, Irina bought 8 thousand quails, registered as a private entrepreneur and started working.
Part three. Technology and development.
Nestling is a business that, although it only lasts a few months, feeds a businessman all year. Initially, Irina worked according to the “bred chicks - made an announcement” scheme, over the years this scheme has significantly changed - Irina works “on order”.
Now, at the end of January-beginning of February, a line of people line up on Petrova’s website, writing down their wishes for the number of chicks they want to purchase, in the assortment of quail, geese, turkeys, etc. Someone constantly lives outside the city, but does not want to feed the bird all winter, and someone moves to the country for the summer and wants to grow meat for his family on his own.
Irina gives chicks to clients only after the birds have dried in brooders, get on their feet, grow up, drink vitamins, etc. Farm chickens are sold only in spring, and the rest of the time they sell eggs and meat.
At some point, laying hens were also sold at Irina’s farm, but the problem with the hens is that they are not profitable. Chicken starts to hatch in 4-5 months, and chicken feed during this period is so expensive that no one wants to buy them: you have to either lower the price or raise the cheapest and most “uninteresting” breed.
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After the quail business began to generate income, Irina began to consider other birds for breeding. It turned out that few farmers are breeding turkey.
The first month the turkey is very difficult to go out - the chickens are incredibly sensitive both to temperature extremes, and to the composition of the feed, vitamins, etc. Ira managed to get a hand in and achieve a technology in which only 7% of the loss of chicks is laid. For other types of birds - quails or hens - this indicator does not exceed 3-5%, but since the losses are predicted, Irina puts them in the cost of the chicks and compensates for their costs.
Now the lady farmer does not plan to go to the shelves of large stores, such as Auchan or the Alphabet of Taste, with her products, then certification for the products of her company is not required. To work with small institutions, such as kindergartens, schools, private individuals, a certificate from an accredited veterinarian who checks products every five days and issues certificates is enough.
Working with online stores also turned out to be disadvantageous - all the problems with the untimely sale of goods fall on the farmer, although the goods often disappear precisely because of the sellers.
As a private entrepreneur, Irina is always responsible for the quality of products, and the method of "direct sales" avoids damage to the goods in warehouses. Often, buyers themselves come to the mistress and take their purchases.
If we consider the entire production technology, it is worth noting that the birds on the farm are divided into three subtypes: chickens, parent flocks and repair flocks. The parent flock is engaged in the production of eggs for the incubator, the chickens are for sale, and the repair flock “sits” on the bench, waiting for the case when something happens to the parent flock.
Irina notes that in no case it is impossible to save on the purchase of initial samples of eggs. Eggs need to be bought only with veterinary certification and preferably from different sellers so that the hatched birds have different blood, which, when crossed, will give the best result.
You can not save both on eggs and on bird food. Some unscrupulous producers sell food that has been treated with poisons and chemicals, which negatively affects the bird and can cause its illness or death. Irina does not abuse compound feeds, preparing mixes for feeding independently. Guided by her own knowledge, she makes separately mixtures for the parent herd, for chickens, for the repair herd.
Having tested several types of incubators (the business began with two incubators for 290 eggs, then an incubator for 500 eggs appeared, for a thousand, and a unit for 4000 eggs was recently bought), Irina came to the conclusion that there was no need to chase foreign technologies in this business. Foreign ones differ from domestic incubators in particular difficulties in finding components, lack of trained personnel and constant worries “what will happen if the incubator breaks?”.
For domestic-made incubators, it is easy to find both a repair specialist and components for performing repairs. Once, Irina managed to save a fully loaded incubator from egg spoilage, since the specialists were there already 3 hours after calling the service desk.
Irina's farm is always clean - tiled surfaces are sanitized daily, incubators and broilers are treated with ultraviolet lamps, etc.
Part Four Profit
Irina says that the business began to generate income quickly enough. In the first year, the entrepreneur worked to zero, and then the income line began to constantly go up.
In different months of the year, the farm brings a different amount of funds - once people buy in large numbers like chicks, once they buy meat, and in some months Irina is forced to invest all earned money in eggs for an incubator, but Irina’s monthly income is 50-60 thousand rubles .
Part Five Future plans
Irina’s seasonal plans practically do not change every year - at the end of the summer reduce the repair herd, by winter - give out a maximum of meat for sale, leaving the parent and repair herd in the minimum composition, etc.
The global plans are as follows - Irina plans to expand the economy, dreams of opening a dumpling production workshop, and also dreams of her own restaurant with food of her own production.
We wish Irina to make all her dreams come true as soon as possible.
Video about what you need to open your poultry farm in Kazakhstan
1. Brief Investment Memorandum
Every year the number of people who want to lead a healthy lifestyle is increasing. It involves a healthy diet that is based on quality, fresh produce. Perishable foods such as eggs and meat are best bought from local producers. In this regard, the relevance of opening poultry farms in various regions in our country is very high.
In recent years, poultry imports to our country have been declining; accordingly, demand is growing, which can be covered by our own production. The import of foreign poultry is reduced, firstly, due to the fact that buyers are not willing to buy such meat, knowing that in order to ensure long-term transportation, drugs are used, and, secondly, due to the sanctions imposed on foreign suppliers in recent years.
The attractiveness of opening a farm is also in the fact that the state provides subsidies for opening a poultry farm and benefits for farms (for example, exemption from personal income tax). There are also quite a few regional programs that are aimed at supporting farmers. For example, citizens who have expressed a desire to conduct peasant farms and who have defended their projects (business plans) are given land plots from agricultural land in accordance with the Land Code of the Russian Federation and the Federal Law "On Peasant (Farm) Farming."
To organize a profitable poultry farm, 1,500 chicken heads (500 laying hens and 1,000 broilers, respectively), a land plot with a building of 150 m2, and a staff of 3 people will be required.
Each month, laying hens will bring a total of 10,000 eggs, and the sale of meat of 1,000 hens will also be organized. Products need to be sold in a short time due to the fact that they belong to the category of perishable goods, as well as pay attention to transportation, which requires certain temperature conditions. Over time, you can increase the number of hens, while the monthly profit will also increase.
Amount of initial investment 880 000 rubles.
Break-even point is reached. On the second month of work.
Payback period 12 months.
Average net profit 90 000 rubles.
2. Description of the business, product or service
In order for the poultry farm to be cost-effective, state support is needed. In this business plan, the poultry farm will purchase special feed. prices and rent land with premises at a reduced price. In addition, it is worth noting that farms are usually located far from the city, in a rural settlement, where the rental price is much lower. Agricultural land can be rented from the state for free by building on it your own birdhouse. For 1500 heads of chickens, the premises should be at least 150 sq.m., since no more than 10 hens should be located on one square meter. Space savings can be achieved by acquiring three or five tier battery cells. A big plus of this equipment is that the cages are already equipped with everything necessary for a comfortable keeping of the bird - nipple drinkers, feeders and a collection egg. On the territory of the poultry farm, a site for walking birds is also needed.
There are two main areas in the cultivation of chicken - meat and egg. For this, young chickens of various breeds are purchased.
So, such breeds as Cross, Hyssex, Izobraun, Tetra SL belong to egg hens. They are able to lay up to 315 eggs per year (but, on average, 20 eggs per month). This category of birds is quite mobile, up to 150 grams of grain per day goes to one chicken, while it is necessary to add feed additives and vitamins.
For the meat sector, it is necessary to purchase 1000 broiler chicks. They reach their maximum weight of 2.5 kilograms approximately seven weeks after birth. The most popular breeds are the Cornish, Brama, and Kokhinkhin breeds.
It is also necessary to purchase males, given that eleven hens will optimally have one rooster.
After a couple generations of laying hens are raised, you will need an incubator - an apparatus for artificially removing young birds from eggs. The use of such an apparatus is connected with the fact that it is unprofitable to buy new chicks each time. However, for the chicks it is necessary to provide a separate room in which the air temperature will be at least 29 degrees, while for adults it is not more than 18 degrees. Usually, additional heating is due to infrared lamps.
The poultry farm will work around the clock (light, heating), however, workers will be on its territory from 8.00 to 20.00.
3. Description of the market
In this business, sales play a key role. Even if all the technologies are followed, they got the maximum number of eggs and meat, that is, the probability of not selling it. In addition, the products are perishable, so you need to decide how the sales will be organized, even before you receive the finished product.
The main areas of implementation will be:
- Outlets. Selling at markets and fairs. The main target category will be middle-income people, but people with high incomes will buy the recommended quality products. A point of sale can be organized by yourself, or you can give products to entrepreneurs-traders for sale. You can participate in fairs on your own, as they are not often held.
- To shops and retail chains. Usually on the shelves are presented the products of large poultry farms, whose price is lower than farm products. However, individual stores can take farm products for sale and check demand for it. If customers are interested in the products, the store or chain can sign a long-term supply contract.
- To individuals interested in healthy eating. Usually, sales are carried out according to the word of mouth method, when people begin to come to the farm themselves, and with increased demand it is possible to arrange deliveries once a week.
- Restaurants and cafes. Work on deliveries is carried out directly with the head, chef or administrator of institutions. Often it is more profitable for restaurants and cafes to buy meat and eggs directly from producers than from a reseller, so sales contracts can be long-term.
Advantages and disadvantages of the poultry farm are shown in the table:
Strengths of the project:
- Small investment
- Quality products,
- High competition in the market,
- Small profit
- Inability to find outlets
Threats to the project:
- The opening of several farms in various areas of the region,
- Organization of an online store
- Delivery Organization
- Sale of young
- Conclusion of agreements with large retail chains
- Cancellation of privileges for agricultural enterprises
- Lack of workers
- The threat of detection and spread of animal disease
4. Sales and marketing
The farm itself does not have a special need to invest heavily in advertising, because the main task will be to find outlets that put the goods on the counter or serve finished products to visitors. However, to search for outlets you need to conduct a number of marketing campaigns, especially in the first months of work:
- Run an advertisement for selling meat and eggs on various sites such as Avito.
- To stick an announcement in nearby villages on poles and in specially designated places.
- Tell as many friends as you can about opening a farm.
- Create an advertisement for the sale of farm products in social networks. Для заинтересовавшихся людей необходимо сделать прайс-лист с ценами на розничную и оптовую продажу.
- Обойти и обзвонить магазины, кафе и рестораны для возможности подписания договора на реализацию продукции.
5. План производства
Для полноценной работы птицефермы необходимо пройти ряд этапов:
- Этап регистрации и получения разрешений. Для начала нужно выбрать организационно-правовую форму. The best option for the farm would be the creation of a peasant farm (SP), which gives the right to apply the taxation system of the Unified Agricultural Taxes (tax at which is 6% of the proceeds), as well as the right to participate in state support programs and receive subsidies. The main types of OKVED will be: 10.12.1- “Production of chilled poultry meat”, 01.47.2 - “Production of poultry eggs”. Next, sanitary permits should be obtained by providing a number of documents to the SES.
- The second stage will be the selection of land and premises. If the poultry farm is located on its own site, then you need to pay attention to whether the land is agricultural. The room must be equipped in accordance with all standards (temperature conditions, required area).
- Search for suppliers to buy young animals. The breed, egg production and health of future generations of birds will depend on the selected chicks. The seller must provide a veterinary certificate and certificate of conformity.
- The fourth step will be the recruitment of staff and the opening of a poultry farm. It is worth considering that in the first month of work, the revenue will be zero, due to the fact that the chicks will not bring eggs, and broilers will not grow up to the right age.
- The next step will be to find outlets and organize pre-sales.
- As soon as the birds have reached the required ages, the poultry farm can be considered open, and it is worth remembering that you must obtain veterinary certificates for products before selling.
6. Organizational structure
To organize the work of the poultry farm, a director is required who will be responsible for all areas of work. Most often, the director is the owner of the farm, who understands the cultivation of chickens and has already had experience. If the director is a person from the outside, then he needs to offer a salary and bonus part of the salary.
The duties of the director will include raising chickens in the incubator, searching for suppliers and distribution channels, staff training and farm development.
All the auxiliary work will be carried out by handymen. Such work does not require special training and education. The level of wages will be low, since work in rural areas, on average, is estimated lower than in the city. The main responsibilities will be organization of cleanliness on the farm, providing birds with feed and water, monitoring temperature conditions, as well as protecting the territory. There will be two laborers on the staffing table, with a 2/2 working mode from 8:00 to 20:00.
Accounting will work remotely, for greater savings, you can use the services of accounting firms.
|Fixed costs||Salary||The number of employees||Amount|
|Director||25 000||1||25 000|
|Handyman||15 000||2||30 000|
|Insurance premiums||16 500|
|Total PHOT||71 500|
Calculation of payroll for 24 months, taking into account the premium portion and insurance premiums, is presented in the financial model.
7. Financial plan
Investment costs for opening this business are 879,400 rubles.
The full list of investments for opening a poultry farm is presented in the table:
Registration, including obtaining all permissions
Rent at the time of repair
The main expenses will be the purchase of equipment for the organization of a poultry farm. So, the cost of one cage for 100 chickens will vary at the level of 35,000-600,000 rubles, depending on the manufacturer, materials and additional functions. You can engage in breeding chickens in a classic way without the use of cages, but then it will be harder to follow growing technologies, and the room should be large.
The main monthly costs include payroll and the purchase of feed and vitamins. Since the state offers farmers to receive subsidies for feed, their costs will be significantly lower than market prices.
The room requires round-the-clock use, therefore, in monthly costs, utility services will be an important item. The general list of expenses is presented in the Table:
Advantages and disadvantages of poultry farming
Poultry breeding is an interesting business that has a number of advantages:
- high profitability, investments pay off after 2 years, the third company begins to bring stable profit,
- on the farm you can grow poultry of different species and breeds,
- profit comes from the sale of eggs, meat, offal, fluff, feathers and even bird droppings,
- You can place houses in any household plot,
- for a small farm no registration is needed,
- Demand for products is stable and high enough.
Despite the obvious advantages, the business also has disadvantages that must be taken into account at the start:
- the cost of feed is constantly growing
- competition from other private farms and large enterprises,
- a well-thought-out scheme of product sales is needed
- business is only suitable for people with agricultural experience,
- to avoid degeneration, you will have to constantly buy young animals from other households.
Hens, ducks and others: what to choose for a novice farmer
Understanding how to open a farm is easy. The most popular idea for poultry farming is chicken farming. You can focus on selling eggs or growing broilers. An interesting direction is the breeding of meat breeds. Representatives of this category combine good egg production with excellent taste qualities of meat. Chickens are quite unpretentious, but expensive imported crosses are harder to grow, the risk of losing part of the young is great. Among the most popular breeds:
- Kuchin’s jubilee
- broken brown
- Highsex Brown.
For sufficient profitability, you need to keep at least 500 chicken meat breeds or 40-50 highly productive laying hens on the farm.
No less promising is breeding ducks or geese. The bird quickly gains weight, differs in good productivity, thoroughbred young growth possesses strong immunity. It is worth taking a look at the musky ducks, as well as the geese of the Kholmogorsk, large gray, Toulouse breeds. Duck and goose eggs are not recommended for food, but they can be sold to the tribe. Excellent income will come from the sale of meat, offal, semi-finished products cooked in our own smokehouse. Profit is guaranteed by the sale of feathers and down, goose or duck droppings, which are sold to gardeners.
Business organization: step-by-step diagram
When deciding how to open a poultry farm, you need to draw up a detailed business plan and act in stages. First you need to rent or purchase space in the countryside. A small livestock can be kept on a summer cottage, but such a neighborhood can cause objections from neighbors.
To open a farm from scratch is best on the territory of the former state farm.
It is important to have a working water supply system and power supply network.
Spacious warmed houses are needed to house livestock. Chickens need perches (height depends on the breed). Ducks and geese need access to water and a spacious range. The poultry house is equipped with a double door with a vestibule, lighting, windows, feeders and drinking bowls. Convenient nests are equipped for laying hens. It is necessary to purchase an incubator, it significantly increases the profitability of the economy.
Young animals are purchased from pedigree farms guaranteeing full compliance with the breed. It is better to get young chickens or ducklings that have already been vaccinated. They are more expensive, but survival is much higher. It is worth taking care of the feed in advance. The bird needs grain-based feed, it is more profitable to mix it yourself. Shredded vegetables and fruits, chopped greens, as well as mineral additives and vitamins of industrial production are added to the feed.
Helpers are needed to service a large farm. It is advisable to hire at least one person with a veterinary education.
When deciding how to open a poultry farm, you need to determine its status in advance. The mini-farm on the plot can not be registered. But for a large farm or working with retail, legal registration is necessary. Registration of a private entrepreneur or a farm is possible. The latter option allows the registration of several owners and makes it possible to pay a single agricultural tax (6%).
Before starting work, it is necessary to collect permits from the fire inspectorate and other authorities. In the future, you will need to obtain a veterinary certificate for products, without it, the sale of eggs or meat is impossible.
Product sales: how to make money
It is important not only to grow a bird, but also to organize a marketing scheme for products. The easiest option is to donate meat and eggs to harvesting points. However, this method is the most disadvantageous, the margin will be minimal. Retail sales will bring big profits. It is possible to organize trade on your own, renting a place in the market, selling products through retailers. Profit will bring and sales in online stores, own or cooperative.
A separate direction is the sale of specially fattened birds by reservation. Demand for Christmas ducks and geese is quite high. The fluff and feather are handed over to procurement points; at the farm, you can organize mini-production that produces pillows, feather-beds, down jackets. Cooperation with a sewing workshop or furniture production is possible.
It is very important to properly organize advertising for your business. Everything will help: Internet banners, flyers, participation in industry fairs of agricultural products. The more people get information about the farm, the more potential customers and buyers.
Poultry farming as a business is not only interesting, but also very profitable. With proper organization, the enterprise will achieve self-sufficiency in 2-3 years. In the future, production can be increased by adding new types of poultry and expanding the market.
Poultry market is the main issue
Breeding a livestock of poultry in the conditions of their own farming is not difficult. By the strength of one family of 2 to 3 people, up to 5,000 laying hens can be kept free. That is, daily receive up to 3500 - 4000 eggs. But, before investing in a poultry farm, you should carefully think about how and where you will take so many eggs (or meat, if the direction is meat). Because so many novice farmers got burned on the market. Even if a home egg is bought up "in years", its sale is very troublesome. Just imagine. You need to get up early every morning, collect the eggs (several thousand!), Put everything in cassettes, go to the veterinarian so that he gives an opinion on the lot and only then leads to the market, where all this needs to be sold. Of course, you can do without a veterinarian, but if you have large volumes, sooner or later the law enforcement agencies will have questions for you. Because you will already be like not ordinary LPH (which gets away with everything), but natural agricultural production. Therefore, pre-calculate everything, go to the local market, punch a place. Go to grocery stores and specialized kiosks, offer cooperation. Perhaps it would make sense to consider the option of outbound trading with a car shop. For small volumes (less than 500 eggs per day), it is quite possible to get by with classic trading from a car or tray on the market. It is quite common now to trade eggs and poultry through bulletin boards, in particular through Avito. In general, it is quite possible to get a steady income on bulletin boards if you know what and how best to sell and constantly update texts.
A step-by-step plan for opening a mini-poultry farm. Where to begin
The question that every farmer asks himself is: from what number of birds do you start so that you have enough for life and for the development of the farm? There is no unequivocal answer to this question, but most often poultry farmers start with 500 heads and, as necessary, increase the economy. Why exactly 500? It’s easier not only in terms of content, but also in terms of sales. After all, it is much easier to sell 300 to 400 eggs on the market than 3 to 4 thousand. In addition, significantly lower investment. Cells need less food, too. Yes, and the purchase of poultry does not need much to be wasted. Moreover, along with the poultry population, you will surely get a household incubator, in which you will slowly chick out. For six months - a year, you can double the size of the farm.
What breed of chickens to choose for the farm
By far, the Loman Brown crosses are considered the most egg-laying breeds of chickens. These are the most early and productive laying hens. The Loman Brown breed is capable of producing up to 320 eggs per year. The hatchability of the hatching egg is 80%, and the survival rate of chickens is about 98%. It is also one of the highest rates.
The only drawback of the breed is that the chicken ages very quickly, due to its high productivity. Well, the chicken will be carried for 1.5 years, then you need to update the herd.
Thinking does not need to talk a lot about the advantages of cell content over outdoor. This will save you space (cages can be arranged in several tiers), save on feed, the bird is less sick. It’s also easier to organize egg collection. So, under the conditions of LPH or PF, the optimal option is precisely the cells. The reasonable question is how much birds can be kept in one room? Many poultry farmers adhere to the calculation - 10 chickens per square meter. That is, for keeping 500 chickens a room of at least 50 square meters will be required. m. Cells can be made independently. There is plenty of information on the Internet about this.
If there is "extra" money, then there are ready-made cell modules for sale. For example, for the maintenance of 500 chickens, ten three-tier cages can be purchased, each of which will intervene up to 55 chicken heads. A big plus is that the cells are already equipped with everything necessary for a comfortable bird keeping: nipple drinkers, feeders and egg collection.
The height of one cell is 180 cm, and the width is 130 cm. The price of the issue is 19,000 p. for one cell or 190 000 p. per set.
When planning the purchase of feed, it should be assumed that one chicken consumes about 5 kg of feed per month. To reduce the cost of feed, its purchase should be carried out in the harvesting season. You need to take with a margin so that it is enough for six months or a year. In order to get good egg production, it is advisable to provide each chicken with a perch of at least 30 cm. General cleaning of the house should be done at least once a month. If you plan independent reproduction of the herd (buying young animals too expensive and unjustified pleasure each time), then you should foresee a room or department for keeping chickens. The conditions of young and adult birds are very different. So, day-old chickens need a temperature of at least +29 gr., And an adult - not more than +18 gr. You can solve the problem of heating using infrared lamps.
Poultry farm decoration
When it comes to serious volumes, the poultry breeder has a very logical question - is it worth it to draw up a poultry farm or is it better to work as LPH? In principle, when the number of livestock is up to 500 animals, there is no sense in registering peasant farms (or IP). You will simply create additional problems for yourself related to reporting, paying taxes and pension contributions. When do you need registration? The point is as follows. When you sell products grown on your site, in the regular market, from a tray or from a car, no one will fine you for that. In fact, you are equated with those thousands of grandmothers who sell strawberries in glasses. They do not issue IP. Another thing is when you have large sales volumes, for example a thousand eggs a day. To sell from a tray, such a volume alone is difficult, therefore, most likely you will prefer to hand over an egg in bulk to stores or for processing. And here you will be asked for documents, since each supplier is an entrepreneur (at least by law). No store will buy from you without documents, since it also risks an administrative fine.
How much money is needed to open a poultry farm
Now let's move on to calculating the performance indicators of the poultry farm. Is it worth doing this business at all? The calculation will be based on a population of 500 hens. We assume that we already have a room for keeping birds.
- Arrangement of the chicken coop (electricity, ventilation, insulation, etc.) - 90 000 p.
- Purchase of a household incubator - 10 000 r.
- Acquisition of cell batteries for 500 goals. - 200 000 p.
- Purchase of young chickens at the age of one month - 100 000 p. (200 p. / Goal)
- Feed stocks - 15 000 r.
- Other expenses (vitamins, supplements) - 10 000 r.
Total - 425,000 p.
Constant consumption of the poultry farm
- Utility costs (electricity) - 4 000 p.
- Food - 15 000 p.
- Vitamins, supplements, litter - 1 000 r.
- Packing - 5 000 r.
- Fuels and lubricants - 9,000 p.
- Other expenses - 5,000 p.
Total - 39 000 p. We draw your attention to the fact that all calculations are approximate and that for each individual farmer the indicators will be different. For example, in these calculations, we did not take into account labor costs, since the farmer will work independently (involving the labor of relatives). If you hire an employee, you should add at least 20,000 rubles to the costs. per month. Also, feed can be bought at different prices, especially if purchased off-season. Now you can calculate the estimated income.
How much can you earn by opening a chicken farm
500 laying hens will bring about 420 eggs daily. We will carry an average of 400 to the market, as part of the eggs will go to incubation (reproduction of the herd) and for domestic needs. Средняя цена на домашнее яйцо составляет 5 р. Соответственно ежедневный доход, при условии стопроцентной реализации составит 2000 р., в месяц – 60 000 р. Отсюда можно рассчитать чистую прибыль: 60 000 – 39 000 = 21 000 р. Средняя зарплата жителя РФ. Окупаемость проекта при таких показателях наступает через 23 месяца, с учетом времени начала яйценоскости (кур то мы брали в месячном возрасте).So, given the full sale of all manufactured products, poultry farming can be considered a profitable business. But, you always need to lay unforeseen expenses, for example, lack of sales, mortality of birds, etc. How to increase income. First, you can simply increase volumes, but you need to raise the issue of sales. Secondly, part of the eggs can be sold as hatching. The price of an incubation egg is 10-15 times higher, while the demand is quite high, especially in the spring-summer period. In addition, you can trade young birds. At the age of one month, the price of a layer is at least 200 p. You can also consider the option of growing poultry to order for restaurants.
Egg growing technology
To establish the production of chicken eggs, the following requirements must be fulfilled: the process of growing poultry must be highly productive and the products must flow evenly throughout the year. For this purpose, it is necessary to use highly productive breeds of hens - laying hens, which must be kept in windowless houses, egg cultivation should be year-round, constant replenishment of the herd is necessary, and modern technologies are used. In order for egg production to be productive, several factors must be observed: good lighting, temperature, room humidity, and house cleanliness. The temperature in the house should not be lower than 16-18 degrees Celsius, air humidity should be 60-70%. The cleanliness of the house also affects the productivity of eggs, since gases from the decomposition of litter are released in an uncleaned room, which affect the appetite and general condition of the bird. The productivity of hens - laying hens is also affected by the dustiness of the house, in the summer it must be equipped with powerful fans. Poultry houses are completed with chickens of the same age and about the same weight. From the purchase of chickens to the appearance of eggs, 120 days pass.
What documents are needed to open
This business will require a package of documents related to agricultural production and retail. It is necessary to register a business entity: it can be an individual entrepreneur, or a collective farm. The prepared documents must be submitted to state authorities.
This business relates to the production of agricultural products, therefore, a tax system for agricultural producers is applied, the so-called single agricultural tax. (USCH). The main condition for this tax is that the revenue from the sale of these products is at least 70% of all revenue, and also that the enterprise should be engaged exclusively in the production of agricultural products, and not its sale.
Permissions to open
For the production of eggs, it is necessary to obtain a sanitary permit, for this purpose it is necessary to submit the following documents: Copy of the state registration certificate, Extract from the register of the Unified State Register of Legal Entities or the Unified State Register of Enterprises, Copy of the certificate of registration with the tax inspectorate, If previously issued, then the previous sanitary permit, List of equipment , production card, Design documentation, conclusion of the SES on the conformity of design documentation, Technical passport BTI. If you doubt the success of such an enterprise as a poultry farm, think about other ways of earning money or investing in a profitable business. This will help you free courses on real estate and earnings.