Useful Tips

How to drive safely

1. Carry out a mini-test while driving your car on the streets of a big city with heavy traffic: if other cars constantly interfere with you, it means that you are doing something wrong.

2. Correct landing behind the wheel implies not only comfort and convenience for the driver, but also competent driving. Put your outstretched hand on top of the steering wheel, touching the rim with your wrist, while the shoulder blades are pressed firmly against the back of the seat. Now grab the steering wheel with two hands in the "fifteen to three" position. Hands will be slightly bent at the elbows.

3. The times when drivers reclined behind the wheel, barely reaching for it with their arms stretched out with straight arms, copying race car drivers, are a thing of the past. Today, the back of the chair is usually set almost vertically.

4. When you press the clutch pedal, the left leg should be almost completely straightened. The right foot should rest on the floor of the brake pedal, and with the top on the brake pedal. When you press the gas pedal, just turn the upper part of the foot to the right, without lifting the heel off the floor. If necessary, braking - on the contrary, to the left. You will save, thus, fractions of a second, and they can become decisive. By shifting your foot from gas to brake in another way or by moving it through the air, you lose time.

5. A driver passing the steering wheel from hand to hand will never be able to determine exactly what position the front wheels of his car are in, that is, whether they are turned left or right, or are standing straight. But to know this is necessary.

6. The steering wheel is turned with both hands, without changing their position on it until it crosses. The hand located below makes an interception for the upper part of the steering wheel, and the rotation of the steering wheel continues until it stops. So, when turning to the left, the right hand always remains on the steering wheel in the initial position, that is, corresponding to the "three o'clock" position, when the wheels are straight.

7. And what to do when the driver turned the steering wheel in the direction of the car skidding? The answer is surprisingly simple: do not wait for the response of the car, that is, to forestall events. To do this, the steering wheel must be turned as quickly as possible towards the drift and immediately returned to its original position. Repeat this several times, each time reducing the angle of rotation of the wheel.

8. Drive smoothly and gently. Do not provoke loss of grip on the road with sudden movements. If the car is obedient, then it is necessary to drive it smoothly and gently, and only when it comes out of obedience, the wheel must act sharply and quickly.

9. On a car without ABS during emergency braking, steering is prevented. It will cause the car to rotate around its axis, but will not change the direction of movement of the car.

10. How to learn to brake properly? It is wise to start by performing intermittent braking. The right leg will get used to execute the command "slow down - release - slow down" at the level of "muscle memory", bypassing consciousness.

11. The brake pedal must be handled very correctly, if not gently. A sharp shock on the brake pedal also affects the balance of the car on the road, drastically reducing stability, as well as a sharp release of the brake pedal.

12. If the machine is equipped with ABS, in an emergency, on the contrary, you just need to have urine to kick the brake pedal.

13. It is enough to put the selector of the “automatic machine” into downshift mode in advance - and a sharp short-term gas release will not directly switch the gear, and when you press it again sharply, the car will immediately rush forward, as if an ordinary manual gearbox were installed on it.

14. The basic rule for driving at intersections, the “right hand rule”, reads: “The driver must always take care of the starboard side.”

15. It is very important to keep a distance. Someone will object: a little more distance - and right away someone will fit in! Look at the problem calmly, without unnecessary emotions. Nothing terrible will happen - even if someone “climbed in”, you can slow down to restore a safe distance. Remember: moving closely behind someone, you lose your visibility, the ability to perform a detour or emergency braking maneuver. The short distance to the car in front deprives you of the main weapon: time and place for counter-emergency actions.

16. I advise you to stop at the traffic light as follows: smoothly extinguish the speed of meters 20-0 before the car that stopped in front of you and slowly drive up to it. This technique will reduce the likelihood of a rear-facing car colliding, as its driver will have to react to your braking in advance. In addition, there will be enough space in front of your car for you to react in time.

17. The ability to always go round a car stopped in front of you is a necessary condition for a competent ride around the city. The habit of not driving close to the front car will give you independence from the actions of other road users. It is to independence from circumstances that one should always strive for when driving.

18. Be sure to turn on the direction indicator for each lane change. Unfortunately, there are fewer and fewer drivers abiding by this rule among Russian drivers.

19. A quick ride through the busy city traffic will bring nothing but stress, extra liters of burned gasoline, worn tires and provoking emergencies.

20. The views cast by the driver into the mirrors should be kept as short as possible. Two short glances are better than one unreasonably long. By focusing his eyes on the rear-view mirrors, the driver with his peripheral vision controls the situation in front of the car. This is absolutely correct and especially important in a dense stream of cars when the situation changes in a split second.

21. Never “lock” anyone with your car. As practice shows, even the most short-term blocking will bring nothing but trouble, even if you literally went away “for a minute”. As soon as you walk away, according to the "law of meanness" the driver of a "locked" car appears. The situation is always very nervous, and your guilt in it is obvious. Put yourself in the driver's seat, whose car is locked, and everything will become clear to you.

22. Here is one of these situations: exit on the main road at an angle. Accidents are frequent here and how two drops of water are similar to one another. They happen like this: the driver, who is in front, began to move, but he doubted whether he would manage to leave, and braked. The driver at the back, seeing that the car was driving in front of him, looked to the left (to make sure that he does not interfere with those who are driving along the main road). At this very moment, a dull metal blow is heard, accompanied by the sound of broken glass. Arrived! In order not to get into such an annoying accident, you only need to remember one rule: "You do not have to look to the left until the car in front of you finally leaves!"

23. Everyone knows that the first stumbling block is the ill-fated pulling away. We are talking about that elusive moment when, gently pressing the gas pedal and simultaneously releasing the clutch pedal, you need to feel that it starts to seize, and then gradually add gas. Do I need to catch this moment at all?

24. Towing a car. Remember the main rule! Towed brakes, and the towbar brakes. This is done as follows: before slowing down or stopping, the front car driver raises his hand up, giving a signal to the driver of the second car, which starts to slow down. Only then can the towing vehicle slow down.

25. Maneuvering. The novice driver gets a lot of stress from the fact that maneuvering should occur at a speed much lower than that which corresponds to the first gear and the released gas pedal. Let's teach a novice driver to "play" the clutch pedal in such situations. “Don't let him stop,” the teacher should say at that moment, asking the student to smoothly release the clutch again. It is not necessary to add gas, because the car is rolling and in order to maintain this rolling, the engine power at idle will be enough. The student should feel with the clutch game that he can drive the car more slowly than he is driving in first gear.

26. When making a turn in a limited space, make “calls”, that is, for example, when turning left, be sure to first take a little to the right!

27. That would rearrange the car literally a meter to the left - and then everything would work out. To do this is very simple if, when moving forward, first turn the wheels all the way to the left, and then all the way to the right, straighten them and feed them again. The car will be rearranged just for that meter, which will allow to complete the maneuver. Before teaching a beginner to park correctly, he needs to master the permutation technique. This will save him from many stressful situations.

28. The secret of higher driving skills is simple: acceleration, braking, turns, gear changes and stops must be accompanied by a minimum movement (redistribution) of the weight of the car. Smoothness, smoothness and once again smoothness - these are three pillars of excellence professional craftsmanship.

29. A professional does not make a single extra movement. Its actions are as smooth as possible, even if performed at a very high speed. He is able to strictly dose and coordinate his actions, to predict their outcome.