This article is co-written by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS. Dr. Elliot, BVMS, MRCVS is a veterinarian with over 30 years of experience in veterinary surgery and the treatment of companion animals. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1987 with a degree in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery. He has been working in the same animal clinic in his hometown for over 20 years.
The number of sources used in this article is 14. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.
A dachshund is a breed of dog with short legs and a longer body than ordinary dogs. Initially, dachshunds were hunting dogs and were bred in Germany. The German name of the breed "dachshund" literally translates as "badger dog". For proper care of the dachshund, you should be aware of the special needs of this breed, including taking into account its predisposition to herniated discs. Caring for a dachshund involves monitoring your weight, grooming and learning how to behave. Read this article below to learn more about caring for taxes.
What you need to know about the breed?
Those who only want to purchase a fee or who already have it need to know the features inherent in the representatives of this breed. Ignoring them can lead to an immediate deterioration in the dog’s health or even death.
Features of handling taxes:
- They must be protected from jumping from a height (even from a sofa),
- It is strictly forbidden to raise the puppy by the scruff of the neck,
- It’s necessary to select a dachshund of comrades (other dogs) that are not much superior in height and strength,
- Avoid situations when the puppy is on its hind legs. This can cause spinal deformity,
- No need to smooth your ears, as this will lead to sagging,
- Before vaccination, it is forbidden to go outside with a puppy.
How often to walk?
You need to walk the dachshund puppy as often as possible, as this will make it clean, friendly and sociable. The dog needs to be bred after waking up, before bedtime and 20 minutes after each feeding. Adult dachshund needs to walk at least 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes. Games related to jumping are prohibited. Dachshund is a hunting dog, and therefore you should forget about calm walks forever.
How often to bathe?
You can bathe a dachshund at any age. To do this, use a baby or special shampoo. Rinse aid and conditioner should be discarded. You need to wash a dachshund using various means no more than once every 3-4 months. In plain water, you can bathe it an unlimited number of times.
It is not recommended to buy metal collars for a dachshund - although they are reliable, they become a real torment for a dog, constantly squeezing its neck. It is also not recommended to buy too thick and soft collars. The best option for representatives of this breed would be collar with a thickening in the middlewhich will not rub and twist.
Before you bring a puppy to your house or apartment:
- Remove all available electrical wires,
- Buy food, bowls, toys and other necessary items,
- Prepare places where the dog will rest, eat and go to the toilet,
- To wash the floors and clean all the shoes, so the puppy, trying everything on the tooth, can become infected or become poisonous,
- To instruct the children how to handle the puppy,
- If there is a cat, put her bowls with water and food on a hill (windowsill, bedside table),
- Remove toxic plants for dogs - ivy, poinsettia, cloves,
- Hide all household chemicals.
To make the puppy comfortable from the first days of being in the apartment (or house), you need to buy in advance:
- Mink Housein which the dog can retire. It should be made of natural materials, have a removable mattress and be comfortable. A good house is not cheap, and therefore you can make it yourself. To do this, cut the entrance to the house in a cardboard box and put a pillow there,
- Tray (for boys with a column, for girls without) and diapers that perfectly absorb moisture,
- Bowls for food and water. An ideal option for a dog would be stainless steel utensils.
- Claw cutter, with which you need to cut off the tips of the claws. This should be done carefully, without touching the painful part,
- Collar - for young puppies, it is best to use textile ones that will help the pet get used to the foreign object on the neck,
- Roulette for walking. Its optimal length should be 3-5 meters, which will allow the dog to go about their business under the supervision of the owner,
- Drops and spraysprotecting the dachshund against fleas and ticks,
- Toys - any, at the discretion of the owner. It’s best if they are made of latex,
- Crunchy bonesby means of which the puppy sharpens its teeth.
How to prepare a place to relax?
Requirements for a place of rest dachshunds:
- It should be in a quiet corner of the room, not in a draft and away from heating radiators,
- The litter for the puppy should be soft, uniform and not have any parts that it can swallow. Ideal - a bike blanket,
- On the litter, you need to put a cloth (sheet), which, as it becomes soiled, will need to be changed,
- The place of sleep should not be isolated from people.
How to teach to the tray?
The dachshund puppy has a very intense metabolism, and therefore, until six months, he cannot tolerate from walk to walk and forced to cope with the need for a room.
When buying a puppy, you can’t immediately let him go free to run around the apartment. First of all, you need to put him on a diaper bed in advance and wait until he has settled his need. After the puppy has peed or shook it is necessary pet and give a treat. At first, the dachshund should be planted on a diaper regularly - after sleep, eating and after games.
After 3 months, the puppy can put a tray, initially covering it with a diaper. After the dachshund has completely got used to it, there will be no sense in using a diaper. If all else fails, then read our tips on why a dog can shit at home and how to wean it from it.
Regrettably, dachshunds, like other breeds of dogs, get sick.
- Acanthosis nigrikas - a disease associated with a change in the secretion of the sebaceous glands, causing tightening of the skin and hyperpigmentation of certain areas (inner side of the thigh, chest, abdomen, armpit)
- Swimmer’s syndrome is a disease associated with osteoporosis, which consists in the fact that puppies cannot rise to their feet and crawl on their stomachs,
- Diskopathy - deformation, displacement or damage to the vertebral discs,
- Idiopathic epilepsy, which consists in the appearance of seizures (impaired coordination, vomiting, involuntary urination, muscle tremor),
- Eye diseases (atrophy of the optic nerve or retina, cataract),
- Enteritis is an inflammatory bowel disease that is caused either by malnutrition (non-infectious), or by viruses and bacteria (viral),
- Baldness (alopecia) associated with a weakening of the pigment,
- Infectious diseases - plague, rabies, leptospirosis, adenovirus.
To prevent the appearance of various diseases it is necessary:
- Coming from the street immediately to clean shoes,
- Mop the floor regularly
- Forbid a dachshund to pick up something from the ground, as well as play with unfamiliar dogs,
- Do all vaccinations on time,
- Once every three months give anthelmintic drugs.
To avoid the occurrence of diathesis and obesity in a dachshund, it should be fed simple and healthy food.
Prevention of discopathy consists in:
- Proper physical exertion (long walks, running, climbing stairs, swimming),
- Good nutrition
- Weight control (avoid obesity)
- Ban unwanted behavior (jumping, standing on hind legs, playing with large dogs).
To avoid many infectious diseases need to be vaccinated. The vaccination schedule for dachshunds may vary. Dachshund puppies from 1 - 1.5 months are vaccinated two times, with an interval of 2 - 3 weeks (fixing vaccination).
Adult representatives of this breed are given a comprehensive rabies vaccine every year.
To maintain the health of the dachshund, it must be taken care of in a timely manner.
Shorthaired dachshund should be wiped with a terry towel or cleaned with a not too stiff bristle brush. As for the long-haired representatives of the breed, they need to be combed daily with a bristle brush with short and long hair, and then with ridges with sparse teeth or combs with sparse and frequent rotating teeth.
For coarse-haired dachshunds, it is recommended to use metal brushes with widely spaced teeth. You need to wash the dog in warm water. Use shampoo no more than 3-4 times a year.
It is necessary to timely remove the secret accumulating in the corners of the eyes with a clean cloth dampened with warm water. If the eyes are watery, you need to rinse them with a cloth dipped in warm and tightly brewed tea.
Every month, you need to examine the auditory canals of the dachshund and eliminate the dirt and sulfur accumulated there.
This should be done with a cotton swab, moistened in warm water, liquid paraffin or in a weak solution of hydrogen peroxide.
No maintenance is required behind the nose of the dachshund. It serves as an indicator of the state of the body - if wet and cool - the dog is healthy, and if dry and hot - it gets sick.
In order for the teeth to be healthy, the pet should be properly fed. In addition, special pastes, brushes and gels for removing tartar from a dog are available for sale.
Claws of the puppy need to be trimmed 1-2 mm with a special clipper every 2 weeks. An adult dog, which often happens on the street, has its claws trimmed once every 3 months, as it grows. This should be done carefully without damaging the soft tissue of the claw.
Dachshund is a very active and curious dog, requiring human attention and care. Her small stature and stretched spine markedly distinguishes her from other breeds, and her brave disposition and tendency to dominate will make her a real master in the house.
More about the breed
The first mention of dachshunds dates back to the era of Ancient Egypt - their images are found on ancient papyri. The dachshund puppies were bred due to the selection of undersized hounds - it was from them that they left an excellent instinct and ability to chase the beast on hunting.
Obviously, these are hunting dogs that were bred in order to get prey from the holes. When hunting an otter, a badger or a beaver, there is no companion for a hunter more courageous and resourceful than they are.
This breed is also famous for its quick wit and intelligence - this is not surprising, because in a narrow hole you have to rely only on your abilities, you can not count on the help of the owner.
Dachshunds stand out with high intelligence
Mention of her as a modern breed dates back to the beginning of the 18th century - then they were still quite large and weighed about 20 kg. Later, more and more small dachshund puppies began to be selected, so today representatives of this species are much smaller.
The breed was standardized in 1879, and 9 years later its first club was created. Today they are small dogs with a lively disposition and a sharp mind, with a long body and short legs, which are famous as unsurpassed hunters of foxes, hares and badgers.
This breed has a well-tested rut of the listed species of beast, which often does not take such a dog seriously. Most often, the dog keeps its prey in the hole until the hunter comes up and opens the hole.
All dogs of this breed are characterized not only by the ability to seek contact and mutual understanding with the owner - this is a necessity for her. Therefore, it is extremely important for you to provide not only full-fledged care for the puppy, but also to find a common language with it. Otherwise, puppies become vindictive, malevolent and spiteful.
For all their devotion, representatives of this breed often commit various unpredictable acts. They tend to dig holes and behave so actively that those present begin to ripple in their eyes. Curiosity and curiosity is all that can be said about the main character traits of this breed. Behind a dachshund puppy you need an eye and an eye - otherwise it can make a bedlam in the apartment in a matter of minutes. That is why proper education and training is so important for them.
Dachshunds are curious and inquisitive
The dachshund puppy is endowed with a sharp mind, he is independent and quick-witted - at the same time he has incredible charm. With attention from your side, the dog will soon become the darling of the whole family, but it’s important not to spoil it.
If you don’t like communication too much, then don’t get yourself a breed like a dachshund - care implies constant contact with it. The lively nature and temperament of your puppy requires implementation - remember this.
A few words should be said about young children - dachshunds literally adore them, becoming loyal friends. All kinds of games of hide and seek, catching arms and running a race - your child gives a dog of this breed everything you need in terms of emotions, communication and outdoor activities.
When your puppy is 1 month old, feed him 5 times a day - starting from 2 to 3 months, gradually switch to a four-time regimen. Then gradually reduce the number of meals to 3, and after six months, feed your pet adult food twice a day.
As for the amount of food - remember that it is important not to overfeed a dog of this breed, since excess weight negatively affects health. As for the rest, here are a few rules:
- 1 month avoid giving your pupil dry food,
- Your dog should always have clean water to drink,
- Take away the half-eaten food - at the same time, make sure that the puppy does not take anything in reserve,
- Raising a dachshund begins with the fact that you forbid her to beg for food from the table and in no case give, no matter how much she asks,
- Sweet, salty and smoked banned - that's all you need to know about sweets,
- Be sure to include buckwheat, oatmeal or rice cereals in the diet - they can be cooked in meat or milk broth,
- Before taking a dachshund puppy, start looking after him with a consultation with a veterinarian - find out everything about nutrition from him,
- You can give vegetables, cottage cheese and sour cream,
- You don’t need to give milk - it is still not digested,
- From the first month, you can mix eggs in raw form with cottage cheese,
- Do not forget about fish - it is very useful,
- When transferring your pet to dry food, choose the variety that will be pleasant and useful to him.
Below we will talk about how to care for a dachshund puppy - it is very important that he grows up healthy and joyful. There is nothing complicated in the rules on how to care for a dachshund - you will need ordinary care and attention:
- Daily walks in the fresh air are required - your pet needs to move a lot and lead an active lifestyle,
- Care and care for puppies of this breed require the purchase of toys and the allocation of their own corner where they can relax or play with their treasures. If there are no toys, get ready for gnawed shoes and furniture - horror stories often tell about puppies, but they happen to those owners who did not guess to stock up on toys,
- Your pet should have a place to sleep - it should be a warm corner without drafts and excessive movement. Lay there a soft cozy mattress with a removable cover.
- Do not forget to comb it with a special rubber glove or brush,
- Caring and caring for puppies of this breed does not imply too frequent washing - they cause a breakdown in the natural skin acid-base balance. In the first six months, generally avoid swimming - this is recommended by experts,
- Trim your nails with a claw cutter - in adulthood, these dogs take care of their nails by grinding them,
- Clean your ears with cotton swabs moistened with hydrogen peroxide,
- Teeth are cleaned with a special dog toothpaste with meat taste and a special toothbrush - this is necessary to avoid the appearance of tartar.
Now let's talk about how to raise a dachshund puppy - after all, every owner wants his pupil to understand and execute commands well and not to do those things that can become a source of all kinds of troubles.
Training must obey the following rules:
- From an early period, let your dog feel who is the master - take the dominant position of leader. In this case, the learning process will be much faster and more successful.
- In no case do not intimidate your pupil, do not scream or push him - otherwise he will become cowardly and embittered. Всего старайтесь достигать терпением, внушением и спокойствием.
- У таких собак довольно своенравный характер – они иногда могут отказаться слушать вас, сбежать, поступать по-своему – поэтому старайтесь в оживлённых местах выгуливать такую собаку на поводке.
- Do not let your dog sleep in your bed, do not give food from your hands or from the table, do not let him do his own thing - once you have acquired a bad habit, it remains for life and you are unlikely to be able to get rid of it.
- Sometimes your dog may perceive the children in the house as "junior in rank" and behave slightly arrogantly and aggressively with them. Just try to make friends with the child - then the aggression will go away, replaced by pure sincere friendship.
- Many difficulties arise in order to accustom a pet to cleanliness and order - so immediately make sure that he is used to going to the toilet on time. Otherwise, you have to clean up after him all his life, which you are unlikely to be happy with.
- Accustoming to the toilet takes place over three to four months, but can be delayed for a longer period. Just keep an eye on the dog in order to send it on time according to physiological need - while being persistent. The door to the toilet should always be open, and always keep fresh filler in the tray.
- Remove from the access field all items that are prohibited - as mentioned above, this breed is extremely curious. Start by restricting access to unauthorized items - bubbles, jars, shoes, etc. Later, the dog will get used to the fact that there are a number of “taboos” that must be followed.
- While walking on the street, carefully monitor what the dog puts into his mouth - explain to her what is possible and what is not. Do not allow to take food from strangers, rummage through garbage cans, etc.
- Proceed by the method of suggestion - it is absolutely impossible to beat a dog and shout at it. Use the strict tone of voice to reprimand - nothing more. For encouragement, use the pupil's treats with tasty things, but you should not feed him.
The breed of dachshunds is one of the most popular - they are friendly, courageous, smart and loyal, and besides they are compact in size, which makes them comfortable in a regular city apartment.
To make your dog a loving friend who understands you perfectly, provide him with full care and upbringing. Do not be too lazy to find a common language with your pet, do not refuse to communicate with him, try to demonstrate your location at any opportunity - and he will thank you with his devotion and love.
Understanding the characteristics of the breed will help the owners to create optimal conditions for the maintenance of the dachshund, in which communication with the pet will bring only positive emotions.
It is interesting! Caring for both long-haired, and wire-haired and smooth-haired representatives of the breed is very simple.
It is enough to comb the dog with special brushes to avoid traces of wool on clothes and furniture. Dachshunds need to be washed with special shampoos no more than 2 times a month, unless something extraordinary has happened. Kids do not always withstand the intervals between walks, but the size and ingenuity of this breed allows them to be trained to walk in a tray or on special diapers.
The dog must know its own nickname, at the first call to approach the owner’s foot, to be clearly focused only on him and his family members. “Friends” and “strangers” are two more words that the dog must understand.
Important! Even a small dachshund needs full walks.
Be sure to accustom the animal to a leash and a collar, as carried away by rustling in the bushes, chasing a cat or something else no less interesting, the dachshund forgets everything. It’s good to have a muzzle and a tape measure in your arsenal. A muzzle is useful in order to wean a doggie to lift everything from the ground, and roulette will create the appearance of freedom of movement, but will not allow you to escape.
A mischievous, moving pet will always attract the attention of strangers, but you should not let it be ironed and treated to everyone, it can cause trouble.
Walking with a dachshund without fail is necessary in the morning and in the evening, if possible - it is worth taking the dog out for lunch. Walks should last no less than 40-60 minutes, excellent if in the mornings the owner runs 2-3 km with a dog, and in the evenings walk the same distance with a calm step. A couple of times a week it’s good to arrange longer outings, dachshunds are not only good hunters, but also swimmers, so in the summer you should visit them in ponds where dogs are not forbidden to swim.
In winter, the dog may require special clothing that does not interfere with the natural needs, but can protect against hypothermia.
Dachshunds are recommended to be accustomed to one type of food from the first days: either dry food or natural food.
Up to 4 months, babies are fed 5 times with cereals with meat or offal, or 4 times with premium dry feeds, taking care of fresh water in sufficient quantities. From 4 to 9 months, the dog is taught to feed 4 times with natural products or 3 times with dry foods.
After this, you can switch to 3 meals a day (cereals, dairy products, fish without bones, offal), if the dog eats dry food, then the food becomes 2 meals a day.
Important! It is imperative to monitor a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals in the feed so that the dachshund normally grows, develops and maintains good health.
A serving is determined by a simple rule - as soon as the dog is distracted from food, moves away from the cup, it should be removed. In the next feeding, if the owner does not give up under the steadfast unhappy and hungry look, does not feed the dog, the dog will eat the whole portion that the body needs. True, very few withstand - dachshunds - excellent psychologists and know how to achieve their goal.
Residues from the table are strictly contraindicated, sweets, you can not overfeed both puppies and adult animals. These dogs do not know the measures, and any overeating is fraught with both digestive problems and obesity, which leads to problems with the spine and the cardiovascular system.
Parenting and training
After the first commands and training the puppy to the nickname, one should think about the “school” - special training grounds and, if necessary, dog handlers. Trainers will help you choose the right set of exercises for training, if the owner can not cope on his own.
It is interesting! Dogs intended for work are trained by experienced professionals. After all, in the field an untrained dachshund can die. But hunting with dachshunds is a rarity today, so they teach dogs only basic commands.
From the first day of stay in the house, the dog must be brought up affectionately, but persistently and persistently. Dachshunds usually easily accept the conditions of coexistence with people, they quickly find their master, making him an object of adoration, get used to the rules of behavior at home and on the street. The socialization of the dachshund is also not difficult. Although, sensing a threat, the animal is able to rush at an enemy, significantly exceeding it in size, but more often it is friendly to everyone who does not show aggression.
Care and hygiene
Dachshunds are very clean, so caring for them is easy. You should monitor your eyes and ears, timely removing contamination with antiseptic wipes. Claws can be trimmed independently with a nail clipper, but it is best to contact the veterinarian with this procedure. You need to comb out the doggie at least 1 time per week, wash it once every 2-4 weeks. Shorthair representatives of this breed are simply wiped with wet wipes 1 time per day with molting or serious contamination. Special bones are needed for brushing your teeth and removing stone.
A puppy purchased from breeders or from a kennel must be vaccinated. As a rule, inquiries about this are attached. The vaccine schedule for the owners will also be given by the owners of the parents. The vaccination calendar should be taken seriously, dachshunds are easily infected with infectious diseases that lead to irreparable consequences and cause death.
The ratio of dachshunds to children
Friendly and funny dogs are very fond of children. But the character traits of some of them, unpleasant experience or aggression shown to them can forever ruin the relationship. After all, the dachshund mash is good, some may even avenge insults.
So it’s worth immediately explaining to the children that the dog is not a toy, it cannot be offended, deceived, dragged on a leash when he does not want to move, tease, scare. Having played, a dachshund can slightly bite a partner in the game, but a healthy dog can stop and should not cause pain. Usually children and dachshunds perfectly find a common language.
The high cost of puppies from well-known manufacturers implies appropriate conditions for keeping dogs. It will be necessary to change toys and equipment 1 time in 3 months, 2 times per season it will be necessary to change clothes if they were needed. For these purposes, it takes from 3 to 30 thousand rubles, it all depends on the financial capabilities of the owner. For food, 1,500 rubles should be budgeted, another 1,000 should be monitored by a veterinarian.
It is interesting! Prices vary in a very wide range, you can always find everything you need for an animal for the price that matches the capabilities of the owners.