Useful Tips

Tip 1: How to get rid of temperature quickly

Heat pouring from the scorching sun, high air temperature, sweat pouring in hail ... Who is not familiar with this? But are there reliable methods of protection against heat?

It can be tiring more than physical work, causing large loads on the body. When the temperature exceeds 30 degrees, the body overheats. Such heat is most harmful for young children, as well as for drivers, especially in the absence of air conditioning in the car.

On such days, you should be especially careful while driving, as high temperatures significantly weaken your attention span. Do not also remove teeth due to the greater tendency to prolonged bleeding.

During the heatwave, a record number of exacerbations of diseases were recorded. On hot days, quite a lot of liquid evaporates through the skin, so you should stock up on a large amount of it - drink at least 3 liters per day. It can be water, preferably still, juices, tea, for example, with mint, which perfectly quenches thirst.Liquids should be cold, that is, they should not be used directly from the refrigerator, since there will be too much temperature difference, and this will not benefit health.

You should cook dishes with a predominance of vegetables and fruits. Dishes should not be too cold or hot - this will lead to a sudden change in temperature in the body. You can freeze fruits, such as berries and grapes, and eat with ice cream between meals.

It is worth dressing lightly and in natural fabrics, thanks to which the skin can breathe. This also applies to underwear. Clothing should be light, because dark attracts the sun's rays and causes sweating of the skin. Slippers, sandals, slippers should be on the feet, and, if possible, it is worth walking barefoot.

Feet can also be lubricated with cooling gel or foam. Be sure to remember the headgear, which reduces the risk of stroke. It is advisable to also walk under an umbrella, which protects from sunlight and overheating of the body. The sun can be harmful to the eyes. Therefore, you should remember about sunglasses, it is best to choose certified glasses.If possible, during the most intense heat, give up walking, shopping, traveling, working in household plots or limit them to a minimum. This is especially recommended for the elderly and those with heart disease.

Face, open arms and legs should be greased with a cream with a UV filter, which prevents skin from drying out and protects against burns. Especially people with fair skin should remember this, as it is very sensitive. Children should be lubricated with a high UV filter. And babies up to six months should not be in the sun in such heat at all.

In addition, the face can be cooled by spraying liquid on it. Hands can also be cooled under running water. A cosmetic bag should have wet cleaning wipes. Day or evening, it is best to take a refreshing bath with citrus fruits or herbs that refresh and add energy. A good way to cool the body will be foot baths or a towel soaked in cold water on the neck, shoulders or head.

In the house you need to take care of good ventilation, close the blinds, shutters or curtains. But do not close the windows, because there must be access to fresh air. It is not recommended to be in rooms with air conditioning, as sudden changes in temperature cause disease. A safe solution is a fan, which can additionally be moved to various places.However, drafts should be avoided. It is better to heat food in a microwave oven, but not in a traditional one, which will raise the air temperature in the kitchen. It is better to turn on the dishwasher and washing machine late in the evening, because they also additionally heat the apartments. Keep your computer in a cool place. If it stands in the sun, it may start to fail.

From the scorching sun, it is necessary to protect flowers, except for cacti and palm trees. They should be kept away from the sun, so they should be removed from the windowsill, because the sun's rays can burn leaves. In such heat, flowers need to be watered twice a day, this applies to plants both in the house and on the balcony. In addition, flowers on the balcony can be covered with an umbrella.

When leaving for a trip by car, it is better to leave early in the morning, it is assumed that the car is equipped with air conditioning. If you want to travel with an animal, it is best to place it in the shade. It is good to make small stops along the way and often give him a drink.

It is best to avoid the sun whenever possible in the heat as much as possible. Drink a large amount of mineral still water, be in the shade as much as possible, swim in the pool, in the lake or in the sea.

If you have a high fever

The temperature is considered to be elevated from 37 to 38 ° C, mild heat from 38 to 38.5 ° C, moderate - from 38.6 to 39.5 ° C, if the temperature rises above 39.5 ° C, it is considered high and further increase to 41 ° C becomes deadly, causing irreversible changes in the blood. If you are an adult and you have no cardiovascular disease, there is no need to bring down the temperature, if it has not risen above 39 ° C - let the body fight.

But at high temperatures, you can’t use tools that can provoke its further increase: drink tea with raspberries or mulled wine with spices, put mustard plasters and soar legs, hide with a large number of blankets or use electric rugs. It should not be hot in the room where you are; do not use humidifiers - the air must be dry so that sweat protruding from the temperature can evaporate freely, cooling the body. But drafts should be avoided. Drink a lot, preferably mineral water, fruit drinks with a little sugar. Hot tea and other caffeinated drinks should be ruled out.

High temperature medicines

If, however, the temperature continues to rise, you can use medications that relieve fever. Of modern antipyretic drugs, the safest and most effective are dosage forms, the active substances in which are paracetamol and ibuprofen. It can be tablets, syrups, rectal suppositories. The first ones will act faster - within 25-30 minutes, but the candles, the effect of which you will feel after 35-40 minutes, have a longer effect. In addition, high temperature often causes a vomiting reflex, so taking tablets and syrups can be difficult.

Calculation of the dosage of drugs: paracetamol should be taken at a rate of 15 mg / kg, ibuprofen -10 mg / kg. Pregnant women and children under 15 years of age are recommended to take paracetamol preparations, but in those cases when it is ineffective, you should drink ibuprofen in the dosage specified in the instructions.

As for children, you should consider that drugs based on amidopyrine, antipyrine and phenacetin are toxic and are excluded from the list of antipyretic drugs. Children also should not be given acetylsalicylic acid and metamizole (“Analgin”), which in children can cause an allergic reaction and even anaphylactic shock, to lower the temperature.

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If you have a high fever

The temperature is considered to be elevated from 37 to 38 ° C, mild heat from 38 to 38.5 ° C, moderate - from 38.6 to 39.5 ° C, if the temperature rises above 39.5 ° C, it is considered high and further increase to 41 ° C becomes deadly, causing irreversible changes in the blood. If you are an adult and you have no cardiovascular disease, there is no need to bring down the temperature, if it has not risen above 39 ° C - let the body fight.

But at high temperatures, you can’t use tools that can provoke its further increase: drink tea with raspberries or mulled wine with spices, put mustard plasters and soar legs, hide with a large number of blankets or use electric rugs. It should not be hot in the room where you are; do not use humidifiers - the air must be dry so that sweat protruding from the temperature can evaporate freely, cooling the body. But drafts should be avoided. Drink a lot, preferably mineral water, fruit drinks with a little sugar. Hot tea and other caffeinated drinks should be ruled out.

High temperature medicines

If, however, the temperature continues to rise, you can use medications that relieve fever. Of modern antipyretic drugs, the safest and most effective are dosage forms, the active substances in which are paracetamol and ibuprofen. It can be tablets, syrups, rectal suppositories. The first ones will act faster - within 25-30 minutes, but the candles, the effect of which you will feel after 35-40 minutes, have a longer effect. In addition, high temperature often causes a vomiting reflex, so taking tablets and syrups can be difficult.

Calculation of the dosage of drugs: paracetamol should be taken at a rate of 15 mg / kg, ibuprofen -10 mg / kg. Pregnant women and children under 15 years of age are recommended to take paracetamol preparations, but in those cases when it is ineffective, you should drink ibuprofen in the dosage specified in the instructions.

As for children, you should consider that drugs based on amidopyrine, antipyrine and phenacetin are toxic and are excluded from the list of antipyretic drugs. Children also should not be given acetylsalicylic acid and metamizole (“Analgin”), which in children can cause an allergic reaction and even anaphylactic shock, to lower the temperature.

Tip 5: How to lower the temperature

When the body temperature is thirty-seven to thirty-eight degrees, it is undesirable to knock it down. If it continues to grow, it should begin to use funds to lower it.

It should be remembered that by lowering the temperature of the body, we increase the duration of the disease, and prevent the body from fully fighting pathogenic microorganisms, and can also provoke various complications.

There is a huge difference in the means by which you can lower the temperature. Non-steroid drugs are not suitable for everyone (Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Efkamon). People suffering from gastritis or a stomach ulcer are not recommended to use them, since they adversely affect the mucous membrane.

Paracetamol, Analgin, Nurofen, Teraflu, or Mefenamic Acid can be used. The use of drugs in conjunction with rubbing with warm water is very effective.

The temperature in a child is reduced with the help of drugs with a targeted action: "Nurofen", "Paracetamol for children", "Cefecon", "Viburkol" or for children "Panadol". These antipyretic drugs are available in various forms: suppositories, tablets or suspensions.

It is recommended to drink a large amount of warm liquid, this also has a positive effect when the temperature drops.

Tip 6: How can I bring down the temperature

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If the temperature is less than 38.5 ° C, and the patient feels rather well, it is not necessary to knock it down. It helps the body fight the virus in it. But the temperature is higher than this indicator, and especially approaching the level of 40 ° C, it is necessary to bring down and the sooner the better. Medicines are effective in controlling high fever. But together with them in a complex it is recommended to use folk, to alleviate stress for the body.

Folk remedies

You need to start by providing the patient with coolness. No blankets or warm clothes. The patient is put on easily, and in the room the temperature is reduced to 20 ° C.

Be sure to give the patient to drink plenty of fluids, since the temperature causes dehydration. It is better to drink plain or mineral water, herbal decoctions (linden blossom, raspberry leaves and branches), fruit drinks, and fruit drinks. Sugar in the drink does not need to be added.

At a temperature of 40 ° C, you can immerse the patient in a bathtub with warm water to the waist. Water should not be cold. In the bath, you need to keep the patient for about 20 minutes, while massaging his body with a washcloth to increase heat transfer and increase blood circulation.

You can wrap the patient with a sheet soaked in water or a broth of yarrow or chamomile (2 tbsp. Herbs per liter of water, boil in a water bath for 15 minutes).

They knock down the temperature of rubbing with vinegar well. To do this, 9% vinegar is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and wiped with a sponge moistened in a solution over the entire surface of the patient's skin, starting from the back and abdomen, ending with limbs. This procedure, like bathtubs, can be repeated every 2 hours.

You can wipe the patient with vodka, diluting it in half with water.

On the forehead and temples, on the wrists and groin, you can attach a towel dipped in a mint broth. Change every 10 minutes.

Medicines

Of drugs, the temperature is usually brought down by paracetamol or ibuprofen. Dosage for children: paracetamol - 15 mg / kg, ibuprofen –10 mg / kg. For children, it is better to use suppositories rectally, because at an elevated temperature the gag reflex increases, and it is difficult to drink a tablet or suspension.

Pregnant women should prefer paracetamol, not more than 1 tablet after 6 hours. Ibuprofen is also taken no more than 4 times a day.

At a temperature that does not go astray, you can inject an analgin and diphenhydramine with papaverine. Dosage for adults is 1 ampoule. For children - 0.1 ml of solution for one year of life. But it is better to call an ambulance, especially if a small child has a high temperature for a long time.

How to deal with heat: "Grandma's" ways

Let's remember how we got rid of the heat in those days when technological progress has not yet presented us with air conditioners and even fans. The first way is simple: thick curtains drawn in light shades. They save from direct sunlight, respectively, the air warms up less. Curtains can be replaced with blinds or reflective film on glass.

The second way: do not open windows during the day. Try to ventilate the rooms at night when the air is the coolest. With the windows and curtains closed, it will remain that way. Of course, there is a minus in the fact that during the day you will breathe stagnant air and live in twilight. But it will be cool!

The third method is not aimed at protecting against heat, but at fighting it: soak a sheet, duvet cover or other large piece of cloth in cold water and hang it in the room. Evaporating, the water will refresh the room. Instead of using a sheet, you can spray curtains from a spray bottle.

The same principle of evaporation will work if there is an open aquarium at home or many plants carefully watered in the morning.

Open containers with cold water, and even better with ice, placed in the corners, can reduce the temperature in the room by several degrees. And if you also direct air flow from the fan on them, you get almost air conditioning.

Modern technologies

Specifically designed to combat heat, the technique is very effective. The simplest and most common mechanism is a fan. A standard fan can be desktop, floor or ceiling. For coolness in the whole room, it is better to install ceiling fans, they increase air circulation and life becomes easier.

The floor fan is usually quite large and can also refresh the whole room. It is better to place it in the middle of the room or near an open window, so that the hot air immediately cools.

For personal cooling, the desktop version is used. As we already wrote, a fan’s ice pack will enhance its effect.

Recent developments have given us small portable fans powered by USB. It is very convenient if you work on a laptop and, especially, not in one place.

The most beautiful and, most importantly, safe, are fanless fans. They work due to the laws of physics, a diffuser and a high-speed turbine; they are noiseless and do not create excessive vibration. The absence of blades relieves you, children and pets of the risk of accidentally getting injured.

Evaporative cooling uses humidifiers. In addition, they restore a beneficial fluid balance in the surrounding atmosphere. However, only classic and ultrasonic humidifiers work on cooling. The “steam” models first boil the water and the steam comes out hot.

And, of course, the leader among technological coolers is air conditioning. If circumstances and means allow, then installing the air conditioner once and for all will solve the problem of heat in the room. In order to keep the chilled air safe for your health, do not forget to clean the air conditioner at least once a year, and preferably twice - at the beginning and at the end of the season.

How to cool yourself?

Above, we looked at how to refresh the room in which you are. Here are some tips on how to cool yourself:

  • Drink more cool plain and mineral water. Часто, но маленькими порциями, чтобы уменьшить нагрузку на почки.
  • Ешьте больше фруктов и овощей, меньше жирного и алкогольного.
  • Ешьте перченное: усиленное потоотделение от такой пищи урегулирует температуру тела.
  • Используйте крема с мятой или ментолом.
  • Как бы ни хотелось принять ледяной душ, принимайте теплый или горячий. This balances body temperature and the environment.
  • If you cannot shower, hold your hands in cold water or wipe with a damp cloth.
  • Drink hot green tea, it contains elements that lower your temperature.
  • Wet your clothes with cool water.

And do not forget the hat when you go out in the sun!