Nausea, a feeling of nausea that appears periodically or constantly, is most often a symptom of a disease. A single nausea or if you feel sick several times may appear for a physiological reason.
Nausea is the reaction of the human body to a negative effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Nausea is not only a symptom of food poisoning, it is also an indicator of an emerging disease. A signal about the penetration into the digestive system of pathogenic microorganisms or unsuitable for ingestion enters a certain part of the brain. As a result, the body works to restore the normal microflora of the stomach. This is the cause of loss of appetite, muscle contraction around the esophagus, colic appears in the abdomen, sweating increases and the amount of saliva excreted increases.
The content of the article:
What causes nausea may be, why do you feel sick?
1 Intoxication. The result of food poisoning, intestinal infection, or even a viral disease. We should not forget that nausea often appears as a side effect of drugs (including chemotherapy).
2 Disruption of blood circulation in the nervous system.
3 Diseases associated with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Nausea is also provoked by the use of poor-quality or unhealthy food or certain products.
4 Features of the functioning of the vestibular apparatus. Vivid examples: motion sickness or motion sickness.
5 Nausea is caused by certain emotions, disgust, fear, nervous shocks.
6 Toxicosis, in pregnant women, due to changes in hormonal levels.
7 Infectious diseases, gastritis and gastroenteritis can lead to a lack of appetite, diarrhea, weakness and nausea.
8 Nausea also manifests itself in other diseases, such as an ulcer, gallstone disease, and many others.
9 Injuries, high blood pressure, high body temperature also cause nausea.
10 Heart attack is also accompanied by nausea.
How to get rid of nausea, relieve, eliminate nausea during trips?
How to relieve nausea? Many people suffer from the fact that they have a weak vestibular apparatus, especially when traveling. The condition of these people can be affected not only by movement over significant distances, climate change also plays an important role. But if climate change and travel cannot be prevented, the following tips can help combat nausea.
1 Lollipop. This method has been tried more than once. Sweets help to cope with a feeling of nausea. This method is practiced during flights, offering passengers lollipops.
2 Peppermint will help not only solve the problem of nausea, but also relieve stomach cramps.
3 If you trust medications, then first of all - consult a specialist.
4 Caraway seeds can cope even with severe nausea.
How to get rid of nausea at home without medication, how to relieve nausea at home?
Below are several methods that can help relieve nausea, get rid of feelings of nausea, and eliminate this feeling when you are troubled.
How can I get rid of nausea at home? In order to feel better, you should turn to one of the tips:
1 Drink strong, not very sweet, always warm (by no means hot or cold) tea. Exclude milk from the diet, it can contribute to the fermentation processes in the body.
2 Eat only diet foods, this will help stabilize the stomach.
3 Breathe deeply. Calm and even breathing will help to relax and get rid of nausea in a stressful situation.
4 Decoctions of herbs such as chamomile and mint, as well as tea with ginger reduce discomfort.
5 If nausea is a side effect of taking medication, consult a qualified doctor.
6 Also, one of the methods to get rid of a nauseous condition is a compress with warm clove, chamomile or lavender oil, which should be placed on the stomach.
7 Refuse fat, drink mineral water (preferably Borjomi). Reduce your servings when eating. You can eat a slice of pickles or a slice of lemon.
1. Do not go to bed
When you lie, gastric juice can rise through the esophagus, increasing the feeling of nausea and discomfort. Because of this, they are not advised to go to bed immediately after eating, especially if you suffer from acid reflux. Also try not to compress the abdominal muscles so as not to squeeze the stomach. If you feel sick, sit down and move as little as possible.
Why do we feel sick: motion sickness in the car, food poisoning, stress. Medications for nausea and vomiting
100 people who will vomit in the next few minutes will have the following reasons. A man at number 14 sits on a rollercoaster train and screams, arms raised high, number 32 praises a delicious egg salad, number 77 frantically examines a strip of pregnancy test, number 100 reads in the annotation to the drug: "it can cause nausea and vomiting."
How does vomiting occur?
The vomiting mechanism is activated according to a clear plan. Millions of receptors test the contents of our stomach, examine the blood and process signals from the brain. Any information is accumulated by a network of nerve fibers and sent to the brain, which, in turn, analyzes and weighs the data. If too many alarms are received, the question arises of making a decision: give the go-ahead for vomiting or postpone. The brain gives command to the muscles that begin or do not begin to work.
Observing 100 people on x-ray equipment during vomiting, you can capture the same picture 100 times. A worried brain activates the area in which the vomiting center is located. We turn pale, because there is an outflow of blood into the abdominal cavity, the pressure decreases and the pulse decreases. And at the end, the correct signal of the oncoming state appears - salivation. Seconds before vomiting occurs, saliva is produced in large quantities in order to protect our teeth from the acidic contents of our stomach.
The command is received, and our stomach and small intestine begin to make nerve impulses in the opposite direction to push out the contents. It is at this point that most people intuitively begin to feel that they urgently need to find a toilet or sink.
An empty stomach is not a guarantee that there will be no vomiting, because vomit can come from the cavity of the small intestine. The stomach opens its doors to accept the contents of the small intestine, designed to evacuate back out.
The lungs take a deeper than usual breath and the airways block. The stomach and sphincter at the border with the esophagus relax. The diaphragm and abdominal wall begin to crush from the bottom (on the principle of a tube with toothpaste). The stomach directs its contents towards the esophagus. A push - and everything is out!
You should not be afraid of vomiting, because after attacks of nausea pass into vomiting, in addition to alleviating the general condition, toxins will also be eliminated from the body.
How do pregnant women get rid of nausea, feelings of nausea?
Pregnant women do not always know that it is possible to reduce the symptoms of toxicosis, how to reduce the symptoms of nausea during pregnancy. Adhering to certain rules is very likely if the nausea during pregnancy is not eliminated, then the symptoms of toxicosis during pregnancy can be significantly reduced, and the feeling of nausea and nausea will appear much less often than they can be in the process of bearing the fetus.
1 Consumption of copious amounts of fluid. One of the factors that cause nausea in pregnant women can be dehydration. Women who are expecting the birth of a child are recommended to drink about two liters of liquid per day. It can be either pure water, green or herbal teas. Regarding their composition should consult with a gynecologist.
2 Pungent and strong odors can cause nausea in pregnant women. Habitual and previously pleasant aromas sometimes have an unpredictable effect on the receptors of a pregnant woman, so she needs to be protected from such irritants for a while.
3 As a preventive measure to combat nausea, walks in the fresh air and avoidance of stressful situations are used.
4 To prevent unpleasant manifestations of pregnancy, women are also advised to devote enough time to rest and healthy sleep.
Causes of Nausea and Vomiting
In a biological sense, vomiting is digestive defense getting into it or the formation of toxic or other harmful substances in it. The ability to vomit in representatives of the animal world was originally conceived by nature. Our colleagues in this regard are monkeys, dogs, cats, pigs, fish and even birds. Not capable of the act of vomiting mice, rats, guinea pigs, rabbits and horses. The fact is that they have a very thin and narrow esophagus.
Do not be afraid of vomiting, the ability to this phenomenon in a person is more a reason for joy than for concern.
In between vomiting, one can speculate. Egg salad at No. 32 was well absorbed before it was thrown out by the stomach. In the vomit, you can notice a couple of pieces of eggs, legumes, pasta horns. Relieved, No. 32 thinks: “Maybe he chewed poorly?”. In a second, with a new wave, a mixture of a more uniform consistency spills out.
If the vomit contains identifiable pieces of food, it is highly likely that the food was not taken by the stomach before it reached the small intestine. The more uniform, bitter or yellow the mass, the more likely it is that the small intestine rejected the food.
The nature of the vomiting can also provide useful information. If vomiting is sudden and profuse, the cause is most likely virusin the gastrointestinal tract. In case of poisoning spoiled foods or alcohol vomit profusely, but shortly before the first shocks you can feel the urge to nausea. The feeling of nausea already indicates that the food did not do us any good.
When vomiting after the ride roller coaster triggers processes similar to seasickness. The mechanism of development of vomiting in motion sickness today is explained by the following: if the information from the eyes does not coincide with that received from the balance organ from the inner ear, the brain cannot figure out what is going wrong and reacts with vomiting.
If in a train or car we read a book, the eye communicates information: “no movement occurs,” while the balance organ transmits: “movement is present.” A similar effect is achieved when during movement we observe tree trunks flickering past us. If we simultaneously move our head, it seems that the trunks of trees are slipping past us at a faster speed than we are moving ourselves.
Strong emotions can also cause nausea. stress or fear. Every day, stress hormones are synthesized in our body - a kind of shock absorbers that help to be on hand in case of a stressful situation. If the situation is unusual and the stress is very strong, the brain sends special signals, and an increased dose of stress hormones enters the bloodstream.
Stress hormones are synthesized not only in the cells of the brain, but also in the cells of the gastrointestinal tract. If intestinal cells record high levels of stress hormones, this is a good reason to respond to diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
In case the brain experiences stress, the food lump goes out to save energy on its digestion and to save resources in case of need to "hold the defense". Under stress experienced by the intestines, the food lump is brought out because it is poisoned or the conditions for digestion are extremely unfavorable. In both cases, the ability to free oneself from unacceptable food is an advantage of our body. People prone to one of these manifestations against the backdrop of stress have an attentive digestive apparatus that is always ready to help.
8. Smell the lemon
Lemons contain citric acid that is good for digestion. If nausea is caused by constipation, warm water with lemon juice will help stimulate the intestines. Just do not overdo it - an excessive amount of citric acid can increase nausea.
Even the smell of lemons helps get rid of the nausea of The Effect of Lemon Inhalation Aromatherapy on Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy. . Smell the essential oil or just fresh cut lemon.
How to relieve nausea, get rid of nausea in simple ways?
There are many ways to overcome nausea. One of the most effective remedies for this is ginger root. With its help, the digestive system is working, toxins are removed from the body. This product best reveals its capabilities if consumed in its raw form. If one is not at hand, it can be replaced with pickled, dried and ground, or ginger baked goods. When symptoms of nausea appear, it is necessary to increase the volume of drinking. The best options in such cases are slightly warmed still mineral water or regular drinking water with the addition of a sweetener. Also, crackers perfectly save from nausea. To get rid of unpleasant sensations, crackers should be in small slices, slowly. It is very important that the fluid that the patient consumes is just warm, since ingestion of hot or cold into the stomach can intensify unpleasant sensations.
Decoctions and teas based on medicinal plants: mint, chamomile, fennel, anise and cardamom help eliminate nausea. They are preferably drunk with honey. The gastric mucous membranes, which are prone to irritation due to poisoning and infectious infections, can be protected by eating bananas. They envelop the inner surface of the stomach and intestines. To calm your stomach, eat bananas for nausea or after you have already vomited. If nausea is associated with motion sickness when moving, you should stop and breathe a little fresh air. With the help of vomiting, the body tries to clear itself of toxic and pathogenic substances. Therefore, when such a natural need arises, you should not try to delay or suppress it.
How to get rid of nausea at home?
Your breathing should be deep, if possible, go to an open window or another source of air movement - turned on fan or air conditioner. After that, lie down, or rather try to sleep. A healthy sleep in many cases drives away painful sensations. In such cases, neck and back massage is also effective. To improve your well-being, place a damp towel moistened with cool water on the back of your neck.
Sometimes a feeling of nausea occurs due to unpleasant odors. If the reason is in them, it is enough to remove the source of influence on the olfactory receptors, and the unpleasant sensations will quickly recede. In addition, with the appearance of nausea, it is worth revising your diet. Follow the tips below:
1 Do not skip meals. Eat at least in small portions, drink drinks slowly.
2 It is allowed to drink apple juice, while removing coffee, soda and alcohol from the diet.
3 Do not eat both cold and hot foods.
4 Effective remedies for nausea - mint and ginger drinks. The express method of getting rid of nausea is applying a few drops of peppermint oil to the gums.
5 Cool the fresh lemon, cut it and inhale the aroma, then cut and eat a slice of fruit. This will help eliminate nausea. Alternatively, you can drink water with lemon juice or dissolve frozen lemon slices under the tongue.
6 Drink a cup of warm, strong sweet tea.
7 Not recommended dairy products.
8 During illness, eat only dietary food.
9 Drink as much mineral water as possible.
These simple rules will help you get rid of the feeling of nausea turning into vomiting. Concentrate on some detached activity, so your thoughts will switch from a painful state. While on the road, you can be distracted from the discomfort by lozenges without filling or take pills from motion sickness. The choice of the drug is best done based on the recommendations of the doctor.
12. Do not eat heavy foods
Usually, to recover from nausea, it is advised to eat bananas, rice, applesauce. You can also eat some pasta without sauce, mashed potatoes, boiled eggs. Avoid fried, dairy, meat, and fiber-rich foods until nausea disappears.
If other symptoms accompany nausea, consult a doctor. For example, nausea and chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack. And nausea and severe headache or dizziness can indicate problems with the nervous system.
Обязательно обратитесь к врачу, если приступы тошноты не проходят в течение месяца или если ей сопутствует непонятная потеря веса.
Как быстро избавиться от тошноты?
Избегайте суеты. Присядьте и расслабьтесь. Если тошнота не прошла или вернулась, прилягте. In this case, the head should be raised and located above the rest of the body, a pillow should be placed under it. In this situation, sleep will be the best way to normalize the patient's condition. Try taking some leisurely deep breaths. With the help of fresh air, the lungs will be cleansed, the discomfort in the stomach will ease, and the anxiety will go away. Take a deep breath with your nose, hold your breath and exhale slowly through your mouth. Sit for a while in silence, closing your eyes. Try to direct your thoughts in a positive direction, distracting from the disease. Set aside your gadgets. Their prolonged use can cause a headache that aggravates nausea.
Distracted affairs that do not require physical stress will help to distract from the uncomfortable state. Watch a light comedy or make a call to a person close to you. Nausea sometimes becomes more severe under the influence of anxiety and anxiety. Negative thoughts need to be driven away from yourself in order to quickly cope with weakness. Turning attention to other matters, it is important to prevent strong emotional stress. So, long reading or writing a text requires concentration and greatly tires the eyes. In a healthy person, such actions do not cause discomfort, but if you feel unwell, intensified by nausea, additional irritants can only aggravate the disease.
Try to eliminate physical activity and not be subjected to other loads until the nausea is eliminated. If in some cases physical activity in moderation helps the patient cope with unpleasant sensations, then in the case of nausea, any unnecessary action is likely to worsen the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and intensify nausea. Provide access to the room with fresh air and try to get rid of unpleasant odors that can provoke an aggravation of nauseous sensations. Given that the sense of smell and digestion are interconnected, strong or pungent odors can adversely affect the patient's condition. Do not smoke until you feel better; postpone cooking and spraying perfumes.
Which helps with nausea. How to treat vomiting
- With motion sickness, motion sickness is necessary look forward towards the horizon - the method of synchronizing information coming from the eyes and the organ of balance will work.
- It's good to listen to music on headphones, lie on your side or try relaxation techniques. A possible explanation for the relief may be the calming effect of these actions. The safer we feel, the less we contribute to the vibrant activity of the emergency alert system in the brain.
- Eat figs. There are data from various studies that indicate the effectiveness of figs in the fight against nausea. It contains substances that block the vomiting centers of the brain and vomiting, respectively. Preference should not be given to fig-flavored candies, but to products containing its components.
- Vomiting medication They have various mechanisms of action: they can block the receptors of the vomiting centers (an action similar to figs), reduce the sensitivity of nerve cells in the stomach and intestines to suppress alarm signals. Medications that drown out distress signals act just like allergy medications. Both of them suppress the synthesis of the signaling substance, histamine.
- Point P6! Will help you acupuncturewhich is recognized as official medicine. The method has been reviewed in 40 studies on vomiting and nausea. We do not know why and how, but P6 works. The magic point is 2-3 fingers below the wrist joint and exactly in the center between the two convex ligaments of the forearm. If there is no acupuncture specialist nearby, you can try to slightly push the point yourself and massage it slightly - the condition will improve.
The listed methods are not universal. Remedies such as figs, medications, or the P6 point primarily help with the psychogenic nature of vomiting.
Vomiting is not a punishment from the stomach. Such an unpleasant reaction actually turns into a benefit for the body and a sign indicating that the brain and intestines protect us to the last and are always ready to sacrifice ourselves in order to maintain a favorable internal environment and harmonious work of the body. Nausea and vomiting are guidelines for the future: what is harmful to us and what is beneficial to us. Think about it, and you will realize that this is true.