Not many people know that polishing stimulates blood circulation at the base of the plate, prevents the appearance of grooves and cracks, and gives the nails a well-groomed appearance. Without this procedure, manicure is impossible, therefore, it must be carried out correctly. The same applies to the frequency of polishing: girls with thin and brittle nails are not recommended to do it more than once a month, in all other cases it is allowed to use abrasives once every 2 weeks. Consider the important aspects in order.
When to polish
You need to understand that the procedure is useful only in moderation, grinding should not be abused. Nails need to be carefully processed if they have characteristic traces of the removed varnish or other pigments soaked into the layers of the plate. It is also worth taking time for those who abuse tobacco, because the nails are very yellow. Girls with a dull nail plate, devoid of shine, have an extremely difficult time, since they can not do without polishing. The same situation is with ladies whose nails are covered with "waves", cracks, grooves.
Preparing nails for polishing
For the most part, polishing must be carried out along with the manicure procedure. However, self-grinding is also allowed with appropriate training.
- Remove the varnish from the surface of the plate with a liquid that does not contain acetone.
- Take a glass file of medium abrasiveness, give the nails the desired shape. If you prefer a square, then make the corners smooth so as not to provoke delamination.
- Next, you need to steam the skin to evenly remove the cuticle. To do this, make a bath: brew 50-60 g. geraniums or rosemary in 1.5 liters of boiling water, leave the broth to cool partially and dip your fingers in it for a quarter of an hour. At the end of time, wipe your hands dry, move the cuticle to the base of the plate.
- With your free hand, pull the sides of the finger, remove the keratinized layers of the skin with tweezers, try not to touch the healthy epidermis to avoid infection. Move on both sides to the middle of the cuticle (the base of the nail). At the end of the manipulations, moisten a cotton swab in hydrogen peroxide, wipe the nails and the skin around them.
Technology for polishing nails at home
The procedure for treating nails with files of different abrasiveness allows you to smooth out cracks and scales with the help of large particles, and then give the nails a shine due to polishing with an almost smooth base.
- Get a special buff for polishing. It is a voluminous file on which 4 plates of different abrasiveness (from larger to smaller) are located.
- Before polishing nails, it is also necessary to use a bath, but its composition will be different. Dilute in warm water 40 ml. liquid soap or shampoo, add a teaspoon of olive oil and 5 ml. any ether to your taste (they are all medicinal). Dip your fingers into the solution, hold them for 15-20 minutes, constantly massage the cuticle. After the expiration of the period, wipe your fingers dry, wait half an hour until the moisture is absorbed.
- Take a buff, flip it over to the side of coarse abrasiveness, and swipe your fingernail several times from left to right. The coating should become partially matte, do not overload the plate strongly. Perform the same manipulations with each finger, then proceed to the next step.
Thoroughly prepare the nails: give the plate the desired shape, steam the fingers and get rid of the cuticle. Go to polishing, do it first with a hard file, then with two medium ones, then add shine with soft particles and complete the procedure with a rubberized tool.
How to polish your nails?
The polishing process takes place in several stages.
1. The first stage - preparatory. Remove previously applied varnish from the nails and cut to the desired length. Then steam the nails and enrich with minerals. The best option at this stage may be a bath with sea salt and lemon juice.
The second version of the bath is a mixture of heated vegetable oil and apple cider vinegar. Fingertips should be lowered and held for 10-15 minutes. Next, wipe your hands with a dry cloth. You can use baths with iodine and orange or lemon juice diluted with warm water.
Other mixtures are also useful, such as iodine-oil or iodine-salt. Instead of iodine, iodized salt can be used. Usually at this stage the edges of the cuticle are trimmed or removed with tweezers. Dry cuticle processing is also possible - its removal.
2. The second stage. Sometimes at this stage, before starting the initial polishing, a soft grinding procedure is carried out. Soft grinding is performed using a nail file against nail growth, this allows you to raise the keratin flakes and thoroughly clean the surface of the nail, as well as remove yellowing and slight bumps.
Primary polishing of the nail allows you to smooth the keratin flakes, remove micro-scratches formed after sanding and all the bumps. Unlike polishing, primary polishing is done in the direction of nail growth. At this stage, polishing is done with the hardest nail file.
3. The third stage - polishing with a soft file. It also processes the entire surface of the nail.
4. The final stage - application of vitamin creams and oils. Creams and oils help nourish the nail with useful substances and give it shine and smoothness, improve the structure of nails and accelerate their growth. The oils used to polish the nails must be natural. It is these oils that contain vitamins and minerals.
Of great importance is the technology of the procedure, namely:
you need to move the nail file carefully, without exerting strong pressure on the nail,
movements should go in the direction - from the center of the nail to its sides, and be sure to one side, you should not make movements - "back and forth",
first one side is processed, then the other.
Since polishing with nail files is contraindicated for brittle and brittle nails, polishing with wax pastes can be a more favorable and useful procedure. This procedure in the cabin is very popular. When polishing with wax, moisture is retained in the nail plate, in addition, wax nourishes the nail with the beneficial elements contained in it.
For this type of polishing, a special nail file with a rubber coating is used. Wax is applied to the nail and rubbed lightly into it and into the cuticle. Then the nail begins to be polished with a rubberized nail file. This procedure lasts until the surface of the nail becomes flat and smooth.
At the final stage of such polishing will be the application of nourishing oils to the nail and cuticle.
In the beauty industry, many types of polishing compounds have been created. For example, the bioswax DNC. In addition to the wax base, wax also includes cosmetic paraffin, silicone, white clay, eleutherococcus extract and castor oil. This excellent combination helps fill in cracks and bumps in nails, as well as nourish them with beneficial substances. This tool is spent quite economically.
For polishing, you should purchase a special soft nail file - buff. We also recommend purchasing a cream or wax for polishing nails and preparing a bath in advance to slightly soften the nail plate.
So, first, prepare a bath of warm water, add a little shower gel and a few drops of aromatic oils. Immerse your fingers there, hold for 15-20 minutes and pat the nails with a towel. If they have a decorative coating, then remove it with a special liquid.
After the nails have dried, polish the nail plate using a nail file for polishing, starting with a large abrasive and gradually reducing it. Coarse grain in a nail file will help to remove dead and keratinous scales from the surface, smooth the surface and adjust the shape. Smaller grain polishes the nail, providing it with perfect smoothness and shine.
If you have a special paste or polishing liquid, then it should be rubbed into the nail and the skin around it, distributing evenly over the entire area. This should be done before applying the polishing file. At the end of the process, the nail is treated with a file with a rubber polishing surface. Polishing is considered finished when the nail glides freely on the surface of the nail file.
At the end of the polishing, a balm or oil is applied to the hands, which moisturize and soften the skin of the hands, fixing the result of polishing. For these purposes, you can also use a special wax or base coat for nails. Do not forget to apply the cuticle care product, which also has a healing effect.
These simple recommendations will help you quickly and without harm to health polish your nails and, as a result, become the owner of the perfect manicure!
Wax as a polishing agent
You can also polish with wax, especially for those girls who by nature have weak nail plates, prone to lamination. It helps to saturate them with the necessary vitamins, makes them strong and healthy. In order to polish the stratum corneum of the finger with wax, prepare a polishing file that has a rubber surface and wax. Next, follow these steps:
- Apply wax and rub it into the stratum corneum and the skin adjacent to it.
- Using a buff, treat your fingers until they slip.
- Moisten the treated fingers with cream or oil.
Many women use a special polisher to create a beautiful manicure. There are several types of such a tool:
- Grinding buff. It consists of 3-4 surfaces on each of which there is a different degree of roughness.
- Disk for hardware manicure.Disks made in the form of a circle of small sizes, on the surface of which there is sand designed to polish the place where the nail begins.
- Set 3 in 1. It consists of a special buffer, sandpaper surface and the polisher himself.
Why you should use a polisher
A polisher has a big advantage. Only thanks to him can the nail plate be put in order, namely:
- Remove jagged edges and make them smoother.
- Smooth out any irregularities on and provide convenient varnish application.
- Eliminate various stains.
- Make nails more shiny, beautiful and attractive.
- Improves blood circulation, thereby stimulating the growth of nail plates.
As a rule, after the grinding procedure has been performed, the nails acquire a mirror shine, which is simply impossible not to pay attention to. But when conducting this procedure, moderation should be observed, otherwise it can make nails thin and brittle. Sanding is an important process in nail care, and only with the help of it they will become not only beautiful but also healthy.
When rubbing the nail plates yourself at home, you should familiarize yourself with all the available contraindications. This primarily concerns girls who naturally have a thin, stratified stratum corneum. Of course, this does not mean that they should completely forget about nail care and abandon such a necessary procedure as grinding. No. Just before you start polishing, you should carefully examine your nails and bring them into the desired state, or, more simply, conduct a course of radiation. And this also should not be scared. Currently, the buyer has a choice of many special nail care products that do their job well. It is even better to use such products along with special vitamin complexes that will not only help cure your nails but will also support them in a beautiful and healthy way.
Polishing nails allows you to give them shine and smoothness. However, polishing the nail plate is no less effective.
What is the difference between these procedures?
Immediately answer this question - grinding affects nails much more strongly, and therefore can be performed no more than once every six months. The reason for this is that, when grinding more often, you can get weakened and thin nails. Therefore, those who have weak or brittle nails should not be polished at all.
In the process of polishing the nail, the upper layer is almost completely removed, that is, you can go to such a procedure with weakened nails only if necessary, for example, this will help get rid of the nail fungus that lives in the upper layer of the nail. Grinding in the cabin is carried out using a special apparatus. And it’s better to do it in the salon, since there the master will help to make a full range of procedures and services for the restoration and treatment of nails.
Nail polishing is a procedure that allows you to give your nails a shine and a healthy appearance. After polishing, the nails become perfectly smooth, so the varnish lasts longer and the base base for smoothing the surface is no longer required. But still, polishing is best done no more than once a month and, if necessary:
1) if the nails are in transverse or longitudinal grooves,
2) if pigmentation occurs when using low-quality varnish.